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Vol. 13 No. 32 23 Muharram 1440/03
October 2018
Comment and Analysis
The Present is the Only Time
we Have
Muslims do not traditionally "celebrate" the
beginning of a new year, but we do acknowledge the passing of
time, and take time to reflect on our own mortality. The Muslim
lunar year begins from the Hijrah, which is when the Prophet
Muhammad migrated from Makkah to Madinah.

The Hijrah marked the beginning of an era, a civilisation, a
culture and a history for the whole mankind. After the
emigration to Madinah (formerly known as Yathrib), the Muslims
were able to organise and establish the first real Muslim
"community," with social, political, and economic independence.
Life in Madinah allowed the Muslim community to mature and
strengthen, and the people developed a society based on Islamic
principles.

Hijrah is a reminder that life itself is a journey – a journey
from this temporary life to the everlasting life of the
hereafter, – hijrah is a reminder that patience, faith,
commitment and sacrifice will yield fruits of success, if we are
prepared to migrate from our carnal desires in compliance with
the injunctions of our Rabb.

When the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, made the
Hijrah from Makkah to Madinah, he did not just move from one
city to another, he also laid down the foundations for the first
Muslim commonwealth.

It is important for us to study and reflect on the things that
he did in Madinah, some of which are:

1. The Establishment of the Masjid: The
Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, first established a
Masjid for the worship of Allâh. He himself worked in carrying
the stones and building that small, humble but most powerful
structure. The masjid served as the focal point of all Muslim
activity. It gave people a sense of belonging and an identity.
It became the centre and rallying point for the Muslims. 

2. The provision of educational institutes: The
first madrassah under the supervision of the Prophet, peace and
blessings be upon him, was the school of Suffah. Later many
other madâris were opened. According to Maulana Shibli Numani,
there were nine madâris opened in Madinah alone in the time of
the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him. Education gave
people a true appreciation of revelation and religion. It gave
people direction and purpose in life. It infused Allâh
consciousness. 

3. The bond of Muwakhat: He established
brotherly relations between the Muhajirun (Muslims who migrated
with the Prophet from Makkah) and the Ansar (residents of
Madinah who helped the Prophet and his Companions). This
unparalleled bond of brotherhood meant that the Ansaar shared
their resources with their Muhajireen brethren. It established
the Islamic brotherhood on the basis of faith and not on ethnic
or racial origins. It taught us that our generosity, unity, and
compassion should not be reserved for our own kind but to all
peoples of faith irrespective of their origins. 

4. Intercommunity and Interfaith Relations:
Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, also established good
relations with other communities living in Madinah. There was a
large Jewish community as well as some other Arab tribes who had
not accepted Islam. The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon
him, prepared a Mithaq (a covenant or a constitution) that
served as the basis for interaction between these communities.
Communication, dialogue, and mutual support across the religious
divide were vital for the health and stability of the Muslim
community.

5. Hygiene and cleanliness: Yathrib (previous
name of Madinah) was a dirty city. When the Sahabah (Prophet’s
Companions) came from Makkah to Madinah, many of them took ill.
The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, asked them to
clean the city and remove the dirt and filth. ‘Aishah, may Allâh
be pleased with her, said: “We came to Madinah and it was the
most polluted land of Allâh. The water there was most stinking.
(Al-Bukhari, 1756) The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him,
asked the Sahabah to dig wells in different parts of the city.
More than 50 wells were dug in the city of Madinah and there was
enough clean water for every one.  The well being of society
hinges on the preservation of the ecology, the adequate supply
of water and the preservation and equitable distribution of our
natural resources.

6. Agriculture and Gardening: The Prophet,
peace and blessings be upon him, encouraged the Sahabah to
cultivate the land and make gardens. He told them that any one
who would cultivate any dead land, would own it. Muslims
mastered the art of farming and realised the importance of
growing their own food. They became independent and were not
reliant on ‘others’ for the fulfilment of their basic
necessities.   

As we usher in the New Year, let us take time to reflect on what
we have achieved in the past and what needs to be done in the
future. The present is the only time we have.

May Allâh give us the opportunity to spend our time wisely.

Question and Answer

Question:

When does Zakaah become due? When does the year commence?

Was salaam.

Answer:


The first day a person acquires wealth, equal to Nisaab, is
regarded as the date of the commencement of a Zakaah year. One
lunar year (Hijri) later, if they are still in possession of
such an amount of wealth, then Zakaah will be due. Zakaah is not
necessarily due in the month of Ramadan, butshould be calculated
according to the Islamic calendar.


NOTE: You can visit our facebook page:

www.facebook.com/zajamiat
for more
#RamadanReminders, a series of rulings pertaining to Ramadan and
related matters.

Sermon of the Week
Seeking
Knowledge (II of IV)

• Abu Dharr radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that Rasullullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam told me: “O Abu Dhar! If you go in
the morning and learn a verse from the Book of Allah, it is
better for you than performing one hundred raka’at of Salah. If
you go in the morning and learn a chapter of knowledge,
performing a thousand raka’at of Nafl Salah.” (Ibn Majah)

• Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates: I heard Rasullullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam saying: “He who comes to my Masjid
(Masjidun-Nabawi) with no other intention but to learn or teach
a good deed is like a soldier in the path of Allah. And, he who
comes with some other intention is like one who has come to look
at the belongings of others.” (Ibn Majah)

• Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates: I heard Abul Qasim
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam saying: “The best amongst you are
those who are best in conduct provided they have an
understanding of Deen.” (Ibn Hibban)

• Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that Nabi
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: “People are like mines just as
there are mines of gold and silver. Those who were better in the
days of ignorance (prior to embracing Islam) are also better
after accepting Islam provided they have understanding of Deen
(Islam).” (Musnad Ahmad)

• Abu Umamah radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that Nabi sallallahu
‘alaihi wasallam said: He who goes to the masjid, not desiring
anything other than learning or teaching something good, his
reward is like that of a Haji who performs a complete Hajj.”
(Tabarani)

• Ibn ‘Abbas radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that Nabi sallallahu
‘alaihi wasallam said: “Teach people (Deen) and be lenient with
them and do not be stern with them.” (Musnad Ahmad)

• Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu ‘anhu while passing by a market of
Madinah stopped and asked: “O people of the market! What has
disabled you?” They asked: “What is the matter, O Abu Hurairah?”
He said: “The inheritance of Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi
wasallam is being distributed and you are sitting here. Why do
you not go there and take your share of it?” They asked: “Where
is it being distributed?” He replied: “In the masjid.” So they
rushed towards the masjid. Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu ‘anhu stood
there till they returned. He asked: “What happened?” They said:
“O Abu Hurairah! We went to the masjid, entered it and saw
nothing being distributed.” Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu ‘anhu
asked: “Did you not see anyone in the masjid?” They replied:
“Yes! Verily we saw some people performing Salah and some
reciting the Qur’an and some were discussing what is permissible
and what is forbidden.” Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu ‘anhu said:
“Woe unto you, that is the inheritance of Muhammad sallallahu
‘alaihi wasallam.” (Tabarani)

• ‘Abdullah ibn Mas‘ud radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that
Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: “When Allah
intends to endow His slave a good, He gives him understanding of
Deen and inspires him with proper guidance.” (Bazzar, Tabarani)

• Abu Waqid Al-Laithi radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that once
Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam was sitting in the
masjid, and other people were also present. Three men came, two
of them turned their attention towards Rasullullah sallallahu
‘alaihi wasallam and one amongst them left. These two men stood
near Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam; one of them found
some room in the circle, so he sat there, the other one sat
behind them and the third one turned his back and left. At the
end of the gathering, Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam
said: “Should I not inform you about these three persons? One of
them came closer to Allah by sitting in the circle and so Allah
covered him with His Mercy. The other one felt shy (to sit in
the circle), so Allah regarded his shyness and did not deprive
him of His mercy and the last one turned away, so Allah turned
away from him.” (Bukhari)

• Abu Harun Al-‘Abdi radhiyallahu ‘anhu reports from Abu Sa‘id
Al- Khudri radhiyallahu ‘anhu, who narrates that Rasullullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: “People from the East will
come to you to seek knowledge of Deen and when they come to you,
treat them well. Abu Harun ‘Abdi says: “Whenever Abu Sa‘id
radhiyallahu ‘anhu would see us, he would say: “Welcome to those
about whom Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam advised us.”
(Tirmidhi)

• Wathilah ibn Asqa’ radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that
Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: “He who seeks
knowledge and attains it, Allah writes for him a double reward,
and he who seeks knowledge but does not attain it, Allah writes
for him a single reward.” (Tabarani)

• Safwan ibn ‘Assal Al-Muradi radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates: I
went to Nabi sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam, he was in the masjid
reclining on his red striped sheet. I said: “O Rasulallah! I
have come to seek knowledge.” He said: “Welcome to the seeker of
knowledge! Indeed, the angels cover the seeker of knowledge by
their wings and they start gathering one upon another till they
reach the sky for the love of the knowledge which is being
sought.” (Tabarani)

 
Words of Wisdom
Hadith of the Week
Abu Huraira Radhi-Allahu anhu reported: The
Messenger of Allah, Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam said, “On the
first night of the month of Ramadan, the devils are chained, the
jinn are restrained, and the gates of Hellfire are closed and
none of its gates are opened. The gates of Paradise are opened
and none of its gates are closed. A caller announces: O seeker
of good, come near! O seeker of evil, stop short! Allah will
save them from the Hellfire and that is during every night of
Ramadan.”

(Sunan At-Tirmidhi)

Quote of the Week
It is an accepted fact that cultural and
Intellectual servility is much more harmful and degrading than
political serfdom. Once a country has passed under the cultural
and intellectual domination of another, it becomes unnecessary
for the latter to annex it politically.

(Moulana Syed Abul Hasan Nadwi, in The World of Islam
Today)

Saying of the Week
One pound of learning requires
ten pounds of common sense to apply it.

(Persian Saying)

Economic Indicators

Item/Commodity
Value
1 US Dollar R14.37
1 Saudi Riyal R3.82
24 Carat Gold/g R557.35
22 Carat Gold/g R511.85
18 Carat Gold/g R418.69
14 Carat Gold/g R325.94
9 Carat Gold/g R210.34
Silver/g R7.23
Zakaat Nisaab R4430.41
Minimum Mahr R221.52
Mahr Faatimi R11076.04
1 Krugerrand
(1oz)
R18170.79
All Commodity Values
Exclude VAT (15%)
Updates
Kerala Flood
Devastation: Relief Appeal
The Jamiatul Ulama South Africa has set up
an Emergency Relief Fund for the flood-ravaged Indian state of
Kerala where heaviest rains in a century have led to 40 rivers
breaking banks and leaving:
– Over 700 people dead with the toll feared climbing
– 85 000 have been placed in nearly 300 camps
– Over 10 000km of roads washed away
– Public in fear of disease outbreak in camp shelters
– Over 1 500 000 have been either cut-off or displaced

We appeal to you to assist our fellow brethren in
disaster-stricken Kerala. Your Zakât, Lillâh and other
contributions may be forwarded to any of JUSA Offices or
deposited directly into our Relief Account:
Jamiatul Ulama Transvaal—Relief Account
Branch & Code: Nedbank – Fordsburg (195305)
Account No.: 1953 285 937

Kindly email/WhatsApp a copy of your deposit slip to our offices
for record purposes and earmark it: ‘KERALA FLOOD RELIEF’
Email: finance@jamiatsa.org
WhatsApp: +27613738000.

Caring Brothers:
Launch of Male Counselling Service
With the Jamiatul Ulama South Africa’s
experience over a number of decades with respect to the
stereotyping of men and the resultant effect thereof, our Social
Department, in conjunction with the Islamic Careline, has
embarked on the establishment of a separate counselling service
that will be manned by male counsellors with the primary focus
on the male client.

The service, named Caring Brothers, has been in operation in its
pilot phase during the past year. This launch is a special and
unique moment in the history of our organisation and community.

For further information you may contact our Social Department:

Moulana Muhammad Bham
Tel: 0113738000
Email: mbham@jamiatsa.org

Breaking the Silence:

Gender-Based Violence
The Jamiatul Ulama South Africa, in
collaboration with the Islamic Careline as a primary partner,
continues implementing various activities under this year’s
specific project that addresses the awareness, management and
outcomes of Gender Based Violence (GBV) in our community.

This project was launched during the women’s month, on the 7th
of August 2018 at the Palm Continental Hotel in Mayfair. It has
been scheduled to last until the first week of December, being
the final days of the 16 Days of Activism against violence on
women and children.

For more information, please contact the Social Department on:

Tel: 0113738000
Email: social@jamiatsa.org
Or the Islamic Careline on:
Tel: 0113738080
Email: islamicareline@gmail.com

Useful Links
Jamiatul Ulama South Africa
www.islamsa.org.za
South African National
Halaal Authority
www.sanha.org.za
Jamiah Ulum al Islamiyyah
www.jamiah.co.za
United Ulama Council of South
Africa
www.uucsa.org.za
Muslim AIDS
Programme
011 373 8080
 

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