Jamiatul Ulama South Africa Online Newsletter

Banner
Online Newsletter
Vol. 13 No. 31 16 Muharram 1440/26
September 2018
Comment and Analysis
Muslim Uyghurs: A Heritage
under Siege
As we approach the end of our national
heritage month, it is perhaps a poignant time to connect in
solidarity with peoples of the world who are being denied the
expression of their religious beliefs and the assertion of their
cultural identity.

Heritage is encompassed by several aspects. They include
language, history, fine and performing arts, dress as well as
and history. Yet, dominant ethnic groups, with the aid of state
power, are suppressing such identity-forming and
esteem-promoting expressions of heritage.

In north-western China, Uyghurs, a 40 million-strong ethnic
group of Turkic stock, have for years been subjected to a
sustained and systematic campaign by Beijing, to rid-off of
their Muslim identity and heritage.

The United Nations’ Committee on the Elimination of Racial
Discrimination (CERD) recently released a report that chronicles
a number of steps the Chinese government is taking to suppress
the Uighurs’ ethno-religious identity.

Reports corroborated by agencies familiar with the situation
indicate that Uyghurs:
• Suffer discrimination in employment, if they cannot speak
Mandarin;
• Have been made to give way to the Han Chinese who have been
encouraged to migrate to the region, with the intention of
changing its demography;
• Have been subjected to mass surveillance under a network of
cameras, forced taking of their biometric data, controlling of
their movements at check-points, installed in order to capture
to control;
• Now risk their livelihoods as pastoralists as aggressive
development models are set to displace them;
• Are likely to be profiled and outlawed as extremists, thanks
to a definition of terrorism which does not allow even the least
forms of dissent and otherwise legitimate activism;

Most alarming in recent months has been reports of existence of
what are known as re-education camps said to be extra-legally
holding at least 1 million Uyghurs. Effectively, these are
internment facilities where allegedly, detainees are forced to
sing Communist Party propaganda songs, whole-day long, among
other activities aimed at indoctrination.

Chinese authorities have denied existence of all this, including
the reports of discrimination, claiming ‘social stability’ and
labelling aspects of the crackdown on the Uyghurs as a ‘fight
against terrorism’.

Recently, an activist told a popular media programme of a
development around the so-called re-education camps, where
crematoriums are being built. One can only surmise what the fate
of those who will be considered by the Chinese regime as
‘incorrigibe’ terrorrists could be.

As Islamophobia silences leading nations, the supposed champions
of freedom and human rights, we all should take up the cudgels,
in all appropriate ways, to sound out alarm and make even louder
calls for China to come clean and stop this kind of
ethno-religious persecution of Uyghurs and other minorities.

Not least, we encourage all to turn to the Almighty, remembering
the Ummah, in all corners of the world, in these trying times.

More here:

UN Rights Panel Grills China Over Mass Detention of Uyghurs


New evidence emerges of China forcing Muslims into ‘reeducation’
camps

Sermon of the Week
Crime
Prevention: Securing our Communities

The following message has been prepared by the Jamiatul
Ulama South Africa as a National Common Bayaan, to be delivered
in mosques, on Friday 28 September 2018. It focuses on
highlighting the challenges of crime and criminality with
emphasis on the need for communities to take initiatives that
secure their neighbourhoods.

Background and the Problem
It can be safely said, one of the greatest problems that plague
our society and communities today, is that of crime and the lack
of safety. People don’t feel safe within their own homes and
within the community. Undoubtedly this is a serious problem.

We find that the elderly, who deserve mercy and respect, have
many a time have been murdered in their own homes. Daily, cars
are hijacked; people’s homes, the supposedly spaces of sanctity
and safety, are being violated.

Survivors of crime are left traumatised and turned paranoid due
to the prevalent violence. People can’t walk freely on the
street without the fear of being mugged. Community members do
not feel safe in their own homes despite installation of
sophisticated security systems.

The so-called white collar crime is also on the rise. People in
organisations, private and public, including government
departments, are regularly found to engage in wide scale
fraudulent practices. The recent spate of abductions for ransom
of wealthy Muslim businessmen, kidnapping of children in
elaborate human trafficking rings, take crime to even higher
levels, fuelling unease and heightened tension.

In practice, the South African justice system has not provided
the necessary guarantees of a level of security for the
innocent, and law-abiding citizens whom it is meant to protect.
Jail terms have not provided the required deterrence to the
propensity to crime, and sometimes ineffective in the
reformation of convicts who sometimes return into society as
hardened criminals. Many-a-time incarceration is a place where
novice criminals come into contact with a seasoned or
experienced criminal whereby unsavoury skills are honed.

The Solution
We as Muslims firmly believe that for each and every problem the
Qur’an and the Hadīth is a solution. We do so, on the premise
that Allah is our Creator and as our Creator, He knows the needs
and situations of human beings best. Whatever Allah guides us
towards is free from flaw.

In looking for solutions, we should start with ourselves by way
of introspection. It is very important to consider and reflect
upon our own deeds and spiritual disposition. Why is it that we
have to live in fear? Only through moral rectitude can the
Almighty change our condition. The Qur’an teaches us about a
city in that belied the favours of the Almighty:

And Allah presents an example: a city which was safe
and secure, its provision coming to it in abundance from every
location, but it denied the favors of Allah. So Allah made it
taste the envelopment of hunger and fear for what they had been
doing. (Surah Nahl 16:112)

History bears witness that the Arabian Peninsula was plagued by
all types of vice including crime. It was perhaps one of the
most lawless societies that ever existed in human history, prior
to Islam. Solutions to the problem of crime and violence came
with the advent of Islam. When the Sharî’ah was applied, the
effect was that a lady could travel alone from Hejaz to Iraq,
laden with riches and none would dare harm her or her valuables.
Such was the safety and security provided when Islamic law and
penal law was applied and established.

There is ample evidence that when Islamic law has been applied,
even to a small degree; it has brought about a relatively higher
level of safety and security for citizens. People may ask what
the difference is between the justice system of Islam and the
justice system that is in use today in various part of the
world.

The two differ wherein the Sharî’ah is not derived from the
human mind, it comes directly from Almighty Allah:

“There is life for you in retribution, O you who possess
intellects! Perhaps you will have Taqwâ!”

“There is life for you in retribution” means that if divine law
is not adhered to, the opposite will be established and that
would imply no safety for life.

The second difference is that when we look at Islamic law and
the purpose and principles behind it, we gauge that it is based
on the fact that the society is more important than the
individual. This is contrary to man-made laws today where
emphasis is on the protection of the rights of the individual,
many a time to the detriment of the interest of the wider
society.

The objective of Islamic penal law is to eradicate crime, so
that people would live in safety. Nonetheless, if crime does
take place, and through due process, then it is better that the
perpetrator suffers difficulty so that the wider community lives
in peace. It is not justice in the reasoning that a few criminal
elements should enjoy their maximum rights, while the rest of
the law-abiding community lives in fear.

Keeping this in mind, it will be detrimental to only see an
Islamic solution to crime as solely through its penal law and
justice system. Instead, Islamic law in the time of our beloved
Nabî Muhammad Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam had an added feature
which is as important as the implementation of the law. He,
Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam, made an effort on the social
reformation of the society as well. The result of this was that
the society became a model of the teachings that our beloved
Prophet Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam propagated and implemented.

From this we found that a result of Nabī Muhammad’s Sallallahu
‘alayhi wasallam teachings, the employer showed compassion to
the employee and the employee was dutiful to the employer.
Maximising profit at the expense of everything else was not the
goal of the businessman, but they also had compassion for the
wellbeing and uplifting of the society. Those people in
authority understood that their position was not that of
privilege but rather one of responsibility.

What we can do
We need to ponder over the steps we as individuals as well as a
community can take to rid ourselves of this scourge. Do we
simply sit and complain about it? Do we accept being victims? Do
we simply give up and believe that we cannot do anything about
it?

This would be defeatist. It is an attitude that is harming all
of us. One would consider it unfortunate that the Muslim
community cannot unite on an issue that is so critical and so
relevant, to the extent that it affects each and every one of
us. If communities do not unite now, judging by the flow of the
tide, the situation in our communities will only worsen.

While tawakkul in Allah SWT is part of our faith, it first
requires of us taking active steps and using whatever means,
within our control, in order to avert any eventuality of danger.

Anas RA reported that a person asked Rasul Allah Sallallahu
‘alayhi wasallam, “Should I tie my camel and have Tawakkul
(trust in Allah for her protection) or should I leave her untied
and have Tawakkul.” Rasul Allah Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam
replied, “Tie her and have Tawakkul.” [Jami At-Tirmidhi
]

Knowledge is power. The first thing one can do is keep informed
by joining Neighbourhood watches, community police forums and
Whatsapp groups. These are essential tools to keep oneself and
each other informed of what is happening in the area.
Remembering the importance Islam places on the rights of the
neighbour, the least one can do is getting to know one’s
neighbours, which is a significant step in combating crime.

There are certain forums and initiatives that have become
essential for communities to start in order for them to reclaim
control of their streets and backyards. These are structures
such as neighbourhoods watch and community policing forums.
Unfortunately our community has become extremely good at
complaining about situations and regrettably poor at getting
involved and doing the work.

Neighbourhoods watch in our communities find it very difficult
to manage to survive due to lack of participation. It
continuously happens that at times of relative quiet, these
initiatives are only run by a handful of individuals. So why
would we then complain?

A concern for one’s household and that of all the households in
one’s community is a Sunnah disposition of Nabī Sallallahu
‘alayhi wasallam as can be borne out from the following event
from the Hadīth:

Once in Madīnah Munawwarah there was a loud noise which
caused great alarm to the citizen of Madīnah. It was such a
frightening noise that the Sahâbah Radiyallâhu ‘Anhum, who were
in their homes were reluctant to come out and investigate. When
the Sahâbah Radiyallâhu ‘Anhum did come out of their houses,
what did they see? It was our beloved Nabī Sallallahu ‘alayhi
wasallam on horseback and already returning from the origin of
the noise, telling the people of Madīnah: “Oh people of Madīnah!
Do not worry, I have gone to investigate there is nothing to
worry about there is safety. Do not worry!” This is also a
Sunnah of Nabī Muhammad Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam just as much
as other Sunan of Nabī Muhammad peace be upon him.

The consequence to not helping our neighbours and community who
are in difficulty is that it promotes each household to become
insular and secluded from each other, therefore exacerbating the
scourge of crime, as it gives criminal elements the freedom to
operate.

If one assists others selflessly, then that person will not even
need other people to assist as the Hadīth of Nabī Sallallahu
‘alayhi wasallam promises the Help of Allah:

Abu Hurayrah reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and
blessings be upon him, said, “Whoever relieves the hardship of a
believer in this world, Allah will relieve his hardship on the
Day of Resurrection. Whoever helps ease someone in difficulty,
Allah will make it easy for him in this world and in the
Hereafter. Whoever covers the faults of a Muslim, Allah will
cover his faults in this world and in the Hereafter. Allah helps
the servant as long as he helps his brother. Whoever travels a
path in search of knowledge, Allah will make easy for him a path
to Paradise, for a people do not gather together in the houses
of Allah, reciting the Book of Allah and studying together,
except that tranquillity will descend upon them, mercy will
cover them, angels will surround them, and Allah will mention
them to those with Him. Whoever is slow to good deeds will not
be hastened by his lineage.” (Muslim)

• Salman RA reported: I heard Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘alayhi
wasallam saying, “Observing Ribat in the way of Allah for a day
and a night is far better than observing fasting for a whole
month and standing in Salah in all its nights. If a person dies
(while performing this duty), he will go on receiving his reward
for his meritorious deeds perpetually, and he will be saved from
trials.”(Muslim)


• Ibn ‘Abbas RA reported: I heard Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘alayhi
wasallam saying, “Two eyes will never be touched by the fire of
Hell: an eye which weeps out of Fear of Allah and an eye which
spends the night in guarding in the Cause of Allah.” (Tirmidhi)

The choice we can do something and get involved or we can
continue complaining while the problem worsens.

Another aspect is that we complain about crime while promoting
it at the same time. One may ask how this is possible. This
occurs, for example, when one deals in items which have been
obtained by theft or other illegal means. We may be making a
profit now, but realise that you have not only become a party
to, but also actively promoted crime and theft taking place in
community. As in simple economics, demand creates supply. If
there is none to purchase stolen items, this will dissuade
potential thieves from committing the act to begin with.

An important aspect also, is the reporting of crime. Authorities
cannot gauge the level and intensity of crime in areas when
crime is not reported. With adequate reporting of crime,
pressure can be placed on authorities to take the necessary
steps to introduce crime detection and prevention interventions.
We cannot complain about the inability of police to catch
criminals when we do not report crime.

Crime exists in flux all over the globe. Though it may seem
overwhelming, there are things we can do to manage crime in our
communities. We must not feel powerless against criminals as
Allah states the truth will always prevail over falsehood. By
taking action, you are already making positive changes in your
neighbourhood. Some practical tips for crime prevention are as
follows:

• Know your environment, neighbourhood and take appropriate
measures to secure home and valuables.
• As much as possible, do not encourage loitering and vagrancy.
• Mind young ones at all times
• Wherever possible, avoid offers of help from total strangers
• Be alert and on the lookout for those who may be following
you, especially when approaching a stop
• Use appropriate means of communication to inform and remain in
touch with family, friends and your community
• Form a neighbourhood watch a maintain visibility of security
teams patrolling your area.
• Inform the Police or security personnel within your area of
any suspicious activity and potential risks so that relevant
people can respond to emergencies as well as prevent crime.
• Chat groups designated for emergency response and alerts
should not be clogged by posts that are not serious in nature.

Some Du’âs For Protection
Allāhumma innā naj’aluka fī nuhūrihim wa na’ūdhu bika min
shurūrihim

O Allah, we ask You to restrain them by their necks and we seek
refuge in You from their evil.

Allāhummak finīhim bimā shi’ta
O Allah, suffice (i.e. protect) me against them however You
wish.

Hasbunallāhu wa ni’mal wakīl.
Allah is sufficient for us and the best of those on whom to
depend.

Robbi Najjinī Minal Qowmidh Dhawlimīn
Oh my Lord! Deliver me from the Unjust People

Robbinsurnī ‘Alal Qowmil Mufsidīn
Oh my Lord! Assist me Against the Corruptive People

 
Words of Wisdom
Hadith of the Week
Narrated Abu Sa’eed:

"When the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam, would
wear a new garment he would mention what it was, whether an
‘Imamah, a Qamis, or a Rida’, then he would say:

Allahumma
lakal-hamdu, Anta kasawtanihi, as’aluka khairuhu wa khaira ma
suni’a lahu, wa a’udhu bika min sharrihi wa sharri ma suni’a
lahu’"

(‘O Allah! For You is the praise, You have clothed me, I
ask You for its good and the god for which it was made, and I
seek refuge in You from its evil and the evil for which it was
made.)

(At Tirmidhi)

Quote of the Week
Do not use your energy except for a cause
more noble than yourself. Such a cause cannot be found except in
Almighty God Himself: to preach the truth, to defend womanhood,
to repel humiliation which your Creator has not imposed upon
you, to help the oppressed. Anyone who uses his energy for the
sake of the vanities of the world is like someone who exchanges
gemstones for gravel. There is no nobility in anyone who lacks
faith. The wise man knows that the only fitting price for his
soul is a place in Paradise.

(Ibn Hazm)

Saying of the Week
One eats, another watches;
that’s how revolutions are born.

(Turkish Saying)

Question and Answer

Question:

Assalaamu ‘alaikum

A person is married and has three sons as well as his mother. He
would like to leave an amount of R100 000 for each of his 6
nephews and 2 nieces. Please advise as to how this Wasiyyah can
be accommodated within the prescribed rules of the Shari’ah.

Shukran

Was salaam.

Answer:

A person is allowed to make a Wasiyyah (bequest) for any
non-heir, individual or organisation, up to a maximum of one
third of his estate, after payment of funeral expenses and debts
(if any). If there are any religious liabilities such as
outstanding zakaah, kaffaarah, fidyah, salaah, fast, etc., then
those would also have to be accommodated in the one third.

After paying out the funeral expenses and debts (if any), if one
third of the balance can cover the total amount he intends
leaving for his nephews and nieces, as well as religious
liabilities (if any), then to make that Wasiyyah for them would
be in order.

Economic Indicators

Item/Commodity
Value
1 US Dollar R14.44
1 Saudi Riyal R3.79
24 Carat Gold/g R558.84
22 Carat Gold/g R513.21
18 Carat Gold/g R419.81
14 Carat Gold/g R326.81
9 Carat Gold/g R211.39
Silver/g R7.16
Zakaat Nisaab R4386.64
Minimum Mahr R219.33
Mahr Faatimi R10966.60
1 Krugerrand
(1oz)
R18219.42
All Commodity Values
Exclude VAT (15%)
Updates
Kerala Flood
Devastation: Relief Appeal
The Jamiatul Ulama South Africa has set up
an Emergency Relief Fund for the flood-ravaged Indian state of
Kerala where heaviest rains in a century have led to 40 rivers
breaking banks and leaving:
– Over 700 people dead with the toll feared climbing
– 85 000 have been placed in nearly 300 camps
– Over 10 000km of roads washed away
– Public in fear of disease outbreak in camp shelters
– Over 1 500 000 have been either cut-off or displaced

We appeal to you to assist our fellow brethren in
disaster-stricken Kerala. Your Zakât, Lillâh and other
contributions may be forwarded to any of JUSA Offices or
deposited directly into our Relief Account:
Jamiatul Ulama Transvaal—Relief Account
Branch & Code: Nedbank – Fordsburg (195305)
Account No.: 1953 285 937

Kindly email/WhatsApp a copy of your deposit slip to our offices
for record purposes and earmark it: ‘KERALA FLOOD RELIEF’
Email: finance@jamiatsa.org
WhatsApp: +27613738000.

Caring Brothers:
Launch of Male Counselling Service
With the Jamiatul Ulama South Africa’s
experience over a number of decades with respect to the
stereotyping of men and the resultant effect thereof, our Social
Department, in conjunction with the Islamic Careline, has
embarked on the establishment of a separate counselling service
that will be manned by male counsellors with the primary focus
on the male client.

The service, named Caring Brothers, has been in operation in its
pilot phase during the past year. This launch is a special and
unique moment in the history of our organisation and community.

For further information you may contact our Social Department:

Moulana Muhammad Bham
Tel: 0113738000
Email: mbham@jamiatsa.org

Breaking the Silence:

Gender-Based Violence
The Jamiatul Ulama South Africa, in
collaboration with the Islamic Careline as a primary partner,
continues implementing various activities under this year’s
specific project that addresses the awareness, management and
outcomes of Gender Based Violence (GBV) in our community.

This project was launched during the women’s month, on the 7th
of August 2018 at the Palm Continental Hotel in Mayfair. It has
been scheduled to last until the first week of December, being
the final days of the 16 Days of Activism against violence on
women and children.

For more information, please contact the Social Department on:

Tel: 0113738000
Email: social@jamiatsa.org
Or the Islamic Careline on:
Tel: 0113738080
Email: islamicareline@gmail.com

Useful Links
Jamiatul Ulama South Africa
www.islamsa.org.za
South African National
Halaal Authority
www.sanha.org.za
Jamiah Ulum al Islamiyyah
www.jamiah.co.za
United Ulama Council of South
Africa
www.uucsa.org.za
Muslim AIDS
Programme
011 373 8080
 

Share Button
Posted in Online Newsletter

Warning: count(): Parameter must be an array or an object that implements Countable in /home/jmtsa/public_html/wp-includes/class-wp-comment-query.php on line 405