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Vol. 13 No. 29 02 Muharram 1440/12
September 2018
Comment and Analysis
Indeed with me is my Lord. He
will guide me.
The month of Muharram heralds the beginning
of a new year. Although the month of Muharram is a sanctified
month as a whole, the 10th day of Muharram is the most sacred
among all its days. The day is called ‘Aashuraa.
“Nabi g came to Madinah and saw the Jews fasting on the Day of
Aashuraa. He asked them about it. They replied, “This is a good
day, the day on which Allah rescued Banu Israel from their
enemy. So, Musa n fasted this day.” Nabi g said, “We have more
claim over Musa n than you.” So, Nabi g fasted on that day and
ordered (the Muslims) to fast (on that day). (Bukhari)
Nabi Musa n had a two-fold mission: To invite the Egyptians to
the oneness of Allah; and to free his people from being enslaved
by the Egyptians. When Musa n confronted Firoun, he responded by
saying: “…Verily, this is indeed a sorcerer of great knowledge
who wants to drive you out of your land by his sorcery…” (26:
34/35)

Two men from the oppressed community of the Israelites were
standing before the most powerful ruler of the time: they had no
military force with them, they belonged to a weak and
insignificant community, there was no sign of any rebellion in
any corner of the country, nor did they have the support of any
foreign power, yet as soon as the miracles of the snake of the
staff and the shining hand were shown, the tyrant desperately
cried out: “These two men want to seize power and deprive the
ruling class of their sovereign rights!” This he said despite
the fact that nowhere in the world has a political revolution
been ever brought about, nor a country taken, nor a war won
merely by force of magic.

Firoun and his people interpreted the message of Islam as a
threat to corrupt political hegemony, precisely because the
value systems it seeks to entrench: “Allah enjoins justice and
to adopt good behaviour and to give relatives (their due
rights), and forbids shameful acts, evil deeds and oppression.”
Islam-phobia is as old as Islam itself. In this day and age it
derives its munitions from the indiscriminate application of
Human Rights and from the repressive Anti-Terror legislation
found in certain countries.

Allah eventually instructed Musa n to flee with his people in
the darkness of the night. The route that they had to take was
to cross the Sinai desert and head for the Red Sea. According to
historic narrations, the Banu Israeel were approximately 600,000
in number. “So they (the people of Pharaoh) pursued them (the
people of Musa) at the time of sunrise. And when the two hosts
saw each other, the companions of Musa said, surely we are
overtaken. He said, “Never! Indeed with me is my Lord. He will
guide me.” So We revealed to Musa saying, “Strike the sea with
your staff.” Thereupon the sea split up, and then each became
like the mass of a huge mount.” (26: 61/2/3)

As soon as Nabi Musa n struck the sea with his staff, it tore
the sea asunder and the waters stood like two mighty mountains
on either side so that Israelite caravans consisting of hundreds
of thousands of the migrants were able to pass through safely,
and so that Firoun and his army enter the same pathway; only to
be drowned.

Aashuraa is a reminder that even though the ummah currently
seems to be between the sea and the ‘advancing army of Firoun’ –
overwhelmed, doomed, and heading for humiliating defeat, we can
prevail if we are prepared to migrate from the darkness of vice,
rebellion and reckless disobedience…, if we are prepared to
unreservedly submit to the directives of our Nabi g, if we are
willing to toil and struggle for the preservation and protection
of our faith. The message of Aashuraa is very clear: There can
be no worship without sacrifice!

The preservation of our Aqeedah (beliefs), the protection of our
Islamic identity is going to become the single greatest
challenge as we confront new challenges each year. “Hasten with
good deeds before calamities would appear like stages of a dark
night, (they will become darker in intensity and more consistent
in frequency) to the extent that a man will wake up in the
morning as a believer and by sunset he will become disbeliever
or he will be Muslim in the evening and a disbeliever in the
morning. He will sell his faith for some paltry material gain of
this world. (Muslim)

This prophetic prophecy points out that:

  • The space that you enjoy to lead your life as a Muslim
    is going to become narrower and narrower;
  • Religion will become a mundane issue, people will enter
    and leave Islam without any care or concern;
  • The level of faith will become so weak that people will
    barter their faith for some temporary worldly gain.
Aashuraa is not simply a commemoration of a
past event; it serves as a source of enormous hope of the ever
abiding help and mercy of Allah. It is a reminder that Imaan is
not an insurance against toil and struggle. It is about
reaffirming our commitment to Allah. Nabi g was asked regarding
fasting on the Day of Aashuraa. He said: “It will expiate the
previous year’s sins.” (Muslim)

The fast of the Day of Aashuraa is an acknowledgement of our
desire to seek the forgiveness of Allah, it is our affirmation
‘that Allah is with us’ no matter the circumstances and that we
Muslims should never despair of the help of Allah. Nabi g also
said: “He who amplifies his spending on his family on the Day of
Aashuraa, Allah will provide amply for him for the whole year.”
(Al-Bayhaqi)

We begin our new year with gratitude and appreciation which is
expressed by a token of generous provision for our families on
this day. The family unit is the strongest fortress within the
social context that is able to provide an identity, a sense of
belonging and which serves as a refuge for the perplexed and
confused. The family unit serves as our compass, as our
inspiration and as our comfort. Work passionately towards
creating the appropriate environment within it.

May Allah shower His mercy on the Ummah, free it from tyranny
and oppression and may He protect our faith.

Question and Answer

Question:

I would like to enquire as to the significance/reason of the
verses in the Quraan that warrant a Sajdah after its recitation.

Jazak-Allahu khairan.

Was salaam.

Answer:

Generally, these verses either instruct us to prostrate in
Sajdah or they mention those servants of Allah who do not
display haughtiness when having to prostrate before Him. Rather,
they are eager to do it. Our prostration is then a gesture of
willingness to be part of that group that is obedient to Allah.

Reference: Tahtaawi ‘Alaa Miraaqil Falaah Pg. 479

Sermon of the Week
Modesty

• Abu Mas‘ud ‘Uqbah radhiyallahu anhu reported that Rasulullah
sallallahu alayhi wasallam said, “Part of what people have
learned from the words of prophethood is the statement: “If you
do not feel ashamed, do whatever you like.”

• Abu Hurayrah radhiyallahu anhu reported that Rasulullah
sallallahu alayhi wasallam said, “Faith consists of sixty (or
seventy) branches. The best of them is “There is no God but
Allah.” The lowest of them is to remove harmful things from the
road. Modesty is also a branch of faith.”

• Abu Sa‘id radhiyallahu anhu said, “Rasulullah sallallahu
alayhi wasallam had more modesty than a virgin in her tent. When
he disliked something, it could be seen in his face.”

• Sa‘id ibn al-‘Aas radhiyallahu anhu reported that ‘Uthman
radhiyallahu anhu and ‘A’isha radhiyallahu anhu told him that
Abu Bakr radhiyallahu anhu asked for permission to come in to
visit Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam while he was lying
on the bed of ‘A’isha radhiyallahu anha, wearing the woollen
shirt of ‘A’isha radhiyallahu anha. He gave Abu Bakr
radhiyallahu anhu permission to enter while he was like that. He
gave him what he needed and then Abu Bakr radhiyallahu anhu
left. Then ‘Umar radhiyallahu anhu asked for permission to come
in and he gave him permission to come in while he was like that.

He gave him what he needed and then ‘Umar radhiyallahu anhu
left. ‘Uthman radhiyallahu anhu said, “Then I asked for
permission to come in and he sat up and told ‘A’isha
radhiyallahu anhu, “Take your garment.” I told him what I needed
and then I left.” ‘A’isha radhiyallahu anha asked, “Messenger of
Allah, why did I see that you did not do for Abu Bakr
radhiyallahu anhu and ‘Umar radhiyallahu anhu what you did for
‘Uthman radhiyallahu anhu?” Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi
wasallam said, “Uthman radhiyallahu anhu is a modest man and I
feared that if I gave him permission to come in while I was in
that state he would not tell me what he needed.”

• Anas ibn Malik radhiyallahu anhu reported that Rasulullah
sallallahu alayhi wasallam said, “Whenever there is modesty in a
thing, it adorns it. Whenever there is outrage in a thing, it
debases it.”

• Salim radhiyallahu anhu reported from his father that
Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam passed by a man who was
criticising his brother about his modesty. He told him, “Let him
be. Modesty is part of faith.” Another variant has Ibn ‘Umar
radhiyallahu anhu saying, “Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam
passed by a man who was criticizing his brother about his
modesty to the point where he told him, “I will beat you!”
Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam said, “Let him be. Modesty
is part of faith.”

• ‘A’isha radhiyallahu anha said, “Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi
wasallam was lying down in my room with his thigh uncovered when
Abu Bakr radhiyallahu anhu asked for permission to enter. He
gave him permission to enter, remaining as he was. Then ‘Umar
radhiyallahu anhu asked for permission to come in and he gave
him permission, remaining as he was. Then ‘Uthman radhiyallahu
anhu asked for permission to enter and Rasulullah sallallahu
alayhi wasallam sat up and arranged his garment and then came in
and spoke. When he left, I said, “Messenger of Allah, Abu Bakr
radhiyallahu anhu came in and you did not exert yourself nor
concern yourself with him. Then ‘Umar radhiyallahu anhu came in
and you did not exert yourself nor concern yourself with him.
Then ‘Umar radhiyallahu anhu came in and you sat up and arranged
your garment.” He said, “Should I not be modest before a man
before whom the angels are modest?”

(The above mentioned narrations are quoted from Adabul Mufrad –
Bukhari).

 
Words of Wisdom
Hadith of the Week
Fadalah bin Ubaid Radhi-Allahu anhu said:
"The Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam heard a man
supplicating during the prayer without glorifying Allah Ta’aala
nor sending salah upon the Prophet Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam.
The Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam said: ‘You
are in a hurry, O worshipper.’ Then the Messenger of Allah
Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam taught them. And the Messenger of
Allah Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam heard a man praying; he
glorified and praised Allah Ta’aala and sent salah upon the
Prophet Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam. The Messenger of Allah
Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam said: ‘Supplicate, you will be
answered; ask, you will be given.’"

(An Nasa‘i)

Quote of the Week
Neglect not your time, nor use it
haphazardly; on the contrary you should bring yourself to
account. Structure your litanies and other practices during each
day and night. This is how to bring about the spiritual blessing
(baraka) in each period. If each of your breaths is a priceless
jewel, be not like the deceived fools who are joyous because
each day their wealth increases while their life grows ever
shorter.

(Al-Ghazali)

Saying of the Week
When the snake is in the house,
one need not discuss the matter at length.

(West African saying)

Economic Indicators

Item/Commodity
Value
1 US Dollar R15.18
1 Saudi Riyal R3.99
24 Carat Gold/g R581.67
22 Carat Gold/g R534.15
18 Carat Gold/g R436.93
14 Carat Gold/g R340.12
9 Carat Gold/g R219.98
Silver/g R7.45
Zakaat Nisaab R4559.14
Minimum Mahr R227.96
Mahr Faatimi R11397.86
1 Krugerrand
(1oz)
R18965.02
All Commodity Values
Exclude VAT (15%)
Updates
Annual General Meeting
The Jamiatul Ulama South Africa will hold
their Annual General Meeting (AGM) at the Nurul Islam Hall in
Lenasia on Sunday 16 September 2018.

At the AGM, the ulama body reviews work of the year that has
gone by, approve financial reports as well as discuss other
pertinent issues affecting the Ulama body and the community it
serves.

This year’s AGM will also be an elective one where the executive
will be chosen. Annually, the AGM attracts at least 300
participating members from the region apart from guests from
across the country.

Hilāl: The Crescent of
Muharram and the New Hijrī Year of 1440
The crescent marking the start of the month
of Muharram and the new Hijrī year of 1440 was sighted on Monday
evening, 10th September 2018.

Due to the crescent being sighted, 1st Muharram 1440 fell on
Tuesday, 11th September 2018 and the Day of ‘Ashurah will be on
Thursday, the 20th of September 2018.
We would like to thank Jamāts who set out parties to go and
attempt the sighting of the new moon.

The Central Hilāl Committee coordinates moonsighting, on behalf
of Ulama bodies, for the determination of the start of every new
Hijrī calendar month.

Kerala Flood
Devastation: Relief Appeal
The Jamiatul Ulama South Africa has set up
an Emergency Relief Fund for the flood-ravaged Indian state of
Kerala where heaviest rains in a century have led to 40 rivers
breaking banks and leaving:
– Over 700 people dead with the toll feared climbing
– 85 000 have been placed in nearly 300 camps
– Over 10 000km of roads washed away
– Public in fear of disease outbreak in camp shelters
– Over 1 500 000 have been either cut-off or displaced

We appeal to you to assist our fellow brethren in
disaster-stricken Kerala. Your Zakât, Lillâh and other
contributions may be forwarded to any of JUSA Offices or
deposited directly into our Relief Account:
Jamiatul Ulama Transvaal—Relief Account
Branch & Code: Nedbank – Fordsburg (195305)
Account No.: 1953 285 937

Kindly email/WhatsApp a copy of your deposit slip to our offices
for record purposes and earmark it: ‘KERALA FLOOD RELIEF’
Email: finance@jamiatsa.org
WhatsApp: +27613738000.

Useful Links
Jamiatul Ulama South Africa
www.islamsa.org.za
South African National
Halaal Authority
www.sanha.org.za
Jamiah Ulum al Islamiyyah
www.jamiah.co.za
United Ulama Council of South
Africa
www.uucsa.org.za
Muslim AIDS
Programme
011 373 8080
 

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