Jamiatul Ulama South Africa Online Newsletter

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Vol. 13 No. 27 17 Dhu al Hijjah
1439/29 August 2018
Comment and Analysis
Alcohol: A Divinely Outlawed
Substance
O ye who believe! Intoxicants
and gambling, (dedication of) stones, and (divination by)
arrows, are an abomination, -of Satan’s handiwork: Eschew such
(abomination), that ye may prosper. (5:90)

As we exit the national women’s month, it is an opportune moment
to bring back to the agenda, the issue of alcohol and its
(ab)use, an important risk factor in gender-based violence and
breaking of homes, among a litany of other ills.

The recently released report of a global study on the effects of
alcohol consumption is worthy serious consideration.

The study, was done in 195 countries from 1990 to 2016, among
both males and females, aged between 15 and 95 years, and older.
A cumulative 28 million cases were considered in the study,
perhaps the most comprehensive ever, in scope and depth.

The conclusions of the ‘Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and
Risk Factors Study 2016’ published in the medical journal The
Lancet, give ‘sobering’ facts that should trigger the world into
action, in order to arrest the scourge of alcoholism and its
concomitant socio-economic ills.

By way of interpretation of the findings, the researchers write:
Alcohol use is a leading risk factor for global
disease burden and causes substantial health loss. We found that
the risk of all-cause mortality, and of cancers specifically,
rises with increasing levels of consumption, and the level of
consumption that minimises health loss is zero. These results
suggest that alcohol control policies might need to be revised
worldwide, refocusing on efforts to lower overall
population-level consumption.
(www.thelancet.com
Published online August 23, 2018
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31310-2)

Though the link between alcohol and many social ills is
well-known, perhaps its gravity is often underestimated.

An article in the South African Medical Journal had concluded in
2014 that: The combined total tangible and intangible costs of
alcohol harm to the economy were estimated at 10 – 12% of the
2009 gross domestic product (GDP). The tangible financial cost
of harmful alcohol use alone was estimated at R37.9 billion, or
1.6% of the 2009 GDP. (S Afr Med J. 2014 Feb; 104(2):127-32.)

In 2016, it was reported by the World Health Organization (WHO)
that South Africa’s alcohol consumption rate had climbed so high
that the country now ranked as one of the top 20 leading
drinking nations in the world.

In the same WHO report, South Africa was flagged as the worst
country in the world for driving under the influence, where as
many as 58% of road fatalities could be attributed to alcohol
consumption.

Addictive home-made concoctions and other commercial forms of
liquor do not put at risk only the drinkers but other members as
well, including the unborn, delivered into the world with foetal
alcohol syndrome (FAS), among other congenital disorders that
prove to be life-long health challenges.
 
South Africa’s FAS incidence of 111.1 per 1000 births does not
represent just the highest prevalence of the disorder in the
world, but it is also more than 14 times the global average.

Alcohol abuse does not only aggravate societal disorder but also
exacts a toll and immense pressure on national health systems
and national safety nets, apart from the fraying of the fabric
of social cohesion.

The consumption of alcohol compromises the fight against other
diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS as poor judgment
under the influence leads to treatment non-compliance as well as
making one inclined towards risky behaviour.

At local government level, a weak bye-law enforcement regime in
cities and towns in South Africa has seen a proliferation of
public consumption of alcohol. Young adults, especially, are
often seen roaming the neighbourhoods, with open bottles in
hand, putting everyone, especially the under-aged at risk of
temptation to experiment with alcohol.

The Jamiatul Ulama South Africa supports all appropriate steps
that will strengthen the control the use of alcohol, including
the prohibition of its promotion through advertising. We urge
communities to come together and mobilise against all practices
that lead to alcohol abuse and alcoholism.

Alcohol belongs to the class of mind-altering substances whose
harm far outweighs benefits. The study only echoes the Qur’anic
injunction that declares alcohol as abominable and, ultimately,
a Divinely-banned substance.

Question and Answer

Question:

A few friends have given me some Zakaah in Ramadhaan. Some of it
has been disbursed already. However, since there are individuals
who have monthly needs, are we allowed to stagger the
discharging of Zakaah, instead of giving it all out shortly
after receiving it?

Jazakallah khair

Was salaam.

Answer:

The ideal practice of Zakaat distribution is to disburse it as
quick as possible so as to afford the needy an opportunity to
have their needs fulfilled. However, if due to logistical and/or
administrative reasons, this cannot be done, then it will be
permissible to prolong the disbursement but it should be ensured
that the money is distributed within one year after receipt.

Reference: Fataawa Mahmoodiyyah 9/311 – Faruqiyyah edition

Sermon of the Week
Salah –
Obligatory Prayers (Part III)

• Abu Umamah radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that Rasullullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam was asked: “O Rasulallah! At what
time is Du‘a most readily listened to and accepted?” He replied:
“The one made during the course of latter part of the night, and
after the obligatory Salah.” (Tirmidhi)

• Abu Sa‘id Al-Khudri radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates: I heard
Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam saying: “The five Salah
are an atonement for the minor sins committed between them.”
Then he said: “A man goes to work and between his house and his
place of work are five streams. When he reaches his place of
work and labours there to the extent, that Allah willed, he
becomes dirty and sweaty. Then, (on his way back) he passes by
the streams, bathing in all, and this repeated bathing leaves no
dirt or sweat on him. Salah is just like that. Whenever, someone
commits a sin, and performs Salah, makes Du‘a, and asks
forgiveness, then he is forgiven for the sins he committed
preceding the Salah.” (Bazzar, Tabarani)

• Zaid ibn Thabit radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that we were
commanded by Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam to say
after every obligatory Salah, Subhanallah (Glory be to Allah who
is above all faults) 33 times, Alhamdulillah (Praise be to
Allah) 33 times, and Allahu-Akbar (Allah is the Greatest) 34
times. One Ansari dreamt that someone asked him: “Has
Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam commanded you to say
Subhanallah 33 times, Alhamdulillah 33 times, and Allahu-Akbar
34 times after every obligatory Salah?” He (the Ansari) said:
“Yes.” The voice in the dream said: “Make it 25 times each, and
add with it, La ilaaha illallah (None is worthy of worship but
Allah) 25 times.” In the morning, when he went and narrated his
dream to Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam, who told him:
“Do so.” (Tirmidhi)

• Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that once some poor
emigrants came to Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam and
said: “The rich have attained the highest ranks and eternal
bounties of Allah.” Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam
said: “How is that?” They replied: “They offer Salah like we
offer Salah, and they fast like we fast, and they give charity
and we cannot give charity, and they set slaves free and we
cannot set slaves free.” Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam
said: “Should I not teach you something through which you would
join those who surpassed you; and keep ahead of those who are
after you, and nobody can be better than you unless he also does
the same?” The Sahabah said: “Do tell us.” So, Rasullullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: Recite Subhaanallah,
Alhamdulillah, and Allahu-Akbar thirty three times each, after
every obligatory Salah.” Abu Salih said: “The poor emigrants
returned to Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam and said:
“Our rich brothers have heard what we did, and have done the
same.” Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam then said: “This
is Allah’s blessing which He bestows on whosoever He wills.”
(Muslim)

• Fadl ibn Hasan Damn rahimahullah says that one of the two
daughters of Zubair ibn ‘Abdul Muttalib, Umm Hakam or Duba‘ah,
radhiyallahu ‘anhuma narrates that some prisoners were brought
to Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam. I, my sister and,
Fatima, the daughter of Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam
went to him and explained our difficulties, and asked for some
prisoners for (domestic) help. Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi
wasallam said: “As for the servants, the orphans of Badr are
more deserving than you, but I will tell you something better
than a servant; after every Salah, recite: Subhaanallah,
Alhamdulillah, and Allahu-Akbar thirty three times each, and
recite once (the following): Laa ilaaha illallaahu wahdahu laa
sharika lahu, lahul mulku, wa lahul-hamdu, wa huwa ‘ala kulli
shay in Qadir (None is worthy of worship but Allah; He is One,
He has no partner, His is the Kingdom, and for Him is all the
Praise, and He has power over all things).” (Abu Dawud)

• Ka’b Ibn ‘Ujrah radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that Rasullullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: “Some phrases, when said after
Salah, are such that whoever says them will never be
disappointed. These are Subhanallah 33 times, Alhamdulillah 33
times, and Allahu-Akbar 34 times after every obligatory Salah.”
(Muslim)

• Sa’ib radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates from ‘Ali radhiyallahu ‘anhu
that when Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam married him to
Fatima radhiyallahu ‘anha, she was seen-off with (a dowry of) a
bed sheet, a leather pillow filled with date-bark, two
grindstones, a leather water bag, and two large earthen pots.
‘Ali radhiyallahu ‘anhu one day said to Fatima radhiyallahu
‘anha: “I swear by Allah! Due to pulling of buckets from the
well, I feel pain in my chest. Allah has sent some prisoners to
your father, go and ask him for a servant.” Fatima radhiyallahu
‘anha said: “My hands are also calloused due to turning the
grindstone.” At that, she went to Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi
wasallam. He asked: “Dear daughter, what brought you here?” She
said: “I have come to offer my Salam.” But due to her shyness,
she could not ask him anything and returned. ‘Ali radhiyallahu
‘anhu asked her: “What happened?” She said: “I felt shy to ask
him.” Then we went to Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam
together. ‘Ali radhiyallahu ‘anhu said: “Rasulallah! Due to
drawing water from the well I feel pain in my chest.” Fatima
radhiyallahu ‘anha said: “Due to frequently turning the
grindstone my hands are calloused; Allah has sent you slaves and
granted some ease; please give us a servant.” Rasullullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: “I swear by Allah! I will not
give you; the people of Suffah are suffering pangs of hunger,
and I have nothing to spend on them. Therefore, I will sell
these slaves and spend that money on the people of Suffah.” So
we returned. At night both of us were sleeping in a small
blanket such that when our heads were covered, our legs used to
bare, and when our legs were covered, our heads used to be
exposed. Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam came to us.
Both of us started to get up hurriedly. He said: “Remain at your
place. You asked for a servant, should I not tell you something
better than what you asked?” We said: “Do tell us.” He said:
“Jibrail ‘alayhis salaam has taught me a few words. Both of you
say after every Salah, ten times Subhaanallah (Glory be to Allah
who is above all faults), ten times Alhamdulillah (Praise be to
Allah), and ten times Allahu-Akbar (Allah is the Greatest). And
when you lie down on your bed, then say Subhanallah 33 times,
Alhamdulillah 33 times, and Allahu-Akbar 33 times.” ‘Ali
radhiyallahu ‘anhu said: “I swear by Allah! Ever since
Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam taught me these words, I
have never forgotten to say them.” Ibnul Kawa’ rahimahullah
asked him: “And not even on the night of the Battle of Siffeen?”
He said: “May Allah curse you! O people of Iraq! Yes, and not
even on the night of the Battle of Siffeen.” (Musnad Ahmad)

• Mu‘aadh ibn Jabal radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that Rasullullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam took his hand and said: “O Mu‘aadh!
I swear by Allah, indeed I love you.” Then he said: “O Mu‘aadh!
I advise you never to forget saying these words after every
Salah: Allahumma inni ala dhikrika wa shukrika wa husni ibadatik
(O Allah! Help me in remembering You, and in thanking You, and
in attaining excellence in worshiping You).” (Abu Dawud)

 
Words of Wisdom
Hadith of the Week
On the authority of Abu Huraira Radhi-Allahu
anhu from the Prophet Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam who said:

"Whoever relieves a believer’s distress of the distressful
aspects of this world, Allah will rescue him from a difficulty
of the difficulties of the Hereafter.

Whoever alleviates [the situation of] one in dire straits who
cannot repay his debt, Allah will alleviate his lot in both this
world and in the Hereafter.

Whoever conceals [the faults of] a Muslim, Allah will conceal
[his faults] in this life and the Hereafter.

Allah is helping the servant as long as the servant is helping
his brother.

Whoever follows a path in order to seek knowledge thereby, Allah
will make easy doe him, due to it, a path to Paradise.

No people gather together in a house of the houses of Allah,
reciting the Book of Allah and studying it among themselves,
except that tranquility descended upon them, mercy covers them,
the angels surround them and Allah makes mention of them to
those in His presence.

Whoever is slowed by his deeds will not be hastened forward by
his lineage.”
(Muslim)

Quote of the Week
Some people allow themselves to be dictated
by others. The Quran states that the weak will say on the Day of
judgment that they were coerced into following the dictates of
others, but that Allah will reply that the excuse is not
legitimate for the decision to deviate from the Straight Path
was their own. [Qaf 50: 26-28]. (In the Early Hours:
Reflections on Spiritual and Self-Development by Khuram Murad)
Saying of the Week
A man who uses force is afraid
of reasoning. (Kenyan Proverb)
Economic Indicators

Item/Commodity
Value
1 US Dollar R14.14
1 Saudi Riyal R3.83
24 Carat Gold/g R552.07
22 Carat Gold/g R507.01
18 Carat Gold/g R414.73
14 Carat Gold/g R322.86
9 Carat Gold/g R208.87
Silver/g R7.32
Zakaat Nisaab R4479.78
Minimum Mahr R223.99
Mahr Faatimi R11199.45
1 Krugerrand
(1oz)
R17998.28
All Commodity Values
Exclude VAT (15%)
Updates
Kerala Flood
Devastation:
Relief Appeal
The Jamiatul Ulama South
Africa has set up an Emergency Relief Fund for the flood-ravaged
Indian state of Kerala where heaviest rains in a century have
led to 40 rivers breaking banks and leaving:

– Over 700 people dead with the toll feared climbing
– 85 000 have been placed in nearly 300 camps
– Over 10 000km of roads washed away
– Public in fear of disease outbreak in camp shelters
– Over 1 500 000 have been either cut-off or displaced

We appeal to you to assist our fellow brethren in
disaster-stricken Kerala.

Your Zakât, Lillâh and other contributions may be forwarded to
any of JUSA Offices or deposited directly into our Relief
Account:

Jamiatul Ulama Transvaal—Relief Account
Branch & Code: Nedbank – Fordsburg (195305)
Account No.: 1953 285 937

Kindly email/WhatsApp a copy of your deposit slip to our offices
for record purposes and earmark it: ‘KERALA FLOOD
RELIEF’

Email: finance@jamiatsa.org    WhatsApp: +27613738000

Qurbani Distribution
Locally and Abroad
The Welfare
Department of the Jamiatul Ulama South Africa in partnership
with the Turkish humanitarian foundation, IHH, travelled to
Swaziland this Eidul Ad-haa for a Qurbani.

With the facilitation of the Swaziland Islamic Centre, a total
of 16 cattle and 28 goats were slaughtered and the meat
distributed in 5kg hampers in the areas of Piggs Peak, Ezulweni
and Mpaka.

The following day, Qurbani continued with the slaughter of
fifteen sheep with distribution taking place in Greenfields,
Tembisa and Khatlehong.

We would like to thank all our volunteers and donors for the
assistance and ask Allah for His acceptance. Āmīn!

For more information, contact the Welfare Department on:
Tel: +27 11 373 8000
Email: welfare@jamiatsa.org

Assistance to Senior
Citizens
The Jamiatul Ulama South Africa this
week donated three wheelchairs and three walkers to the
Loskopvallei Rusoord Home for the Aged in Marble Hall.

The Jamiatul Ulama South Africa offices in Johannesburg also
keeps medical beds and other instruments that can be rented for
use in the care of the elderly and patients, especially under
home-based care.

For more information on these and other projects, contact the
Welfare Department on:

Tel: +27 11 373 8000
Email: welfare@jamiatsa.org

Useful Links
Jamiatul Ulama South Africa
www.islamsa.org.za
South African National
Halaal Authority
www.sanha.org.za
Jamiah Ulum al Islamiyyah
www.jamiah.co.za
United Ulama Council of South
Africa
www.uucsa.org.za
Muslim AIDS
Programme
011 373 8080
 

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