Jamiatul Ulama South Africa Online Newsletter

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Vol. 13 No. 22 11 Dhu al Qa’da 1439/25 July 2018
Comment and Analysis
Lunar Eclipse and Salaatul
Khusuf
An eclipse of the moon (lunar eclipse),
which will be total, will be visible from South Africa on the
night of Friday, 27th July 2018.

This phenomenon takes place when, by the Will of Allah, the
earth comes between the sun and the moon and covers the entire
moon with its shadow.

The moon will begin to be partially eclipsed between 8:24pm and
and 12:19am, for a duration of 3 hours and 55 minutes, making it
the longest eclipse of this century.

The recommended duration for Salatul Khusuf (Salaah and Du’a),
in this instance, will be approximately 4 hours. If this is not
manageable, then what ever duration is possible will in-sha
Allah be acceptable.

NOTE: Imams of the masajid are requested to
remind their congregations during the Jumu’ah talk and after the
Esha Salaah on the importance of this noble practice.

Abu Masud Radhiallahu ‘Anhu narrated that Nabi Sallallahu
‘alayhi wasallam said, "The sun and the moon do not eclipse
because of the death of someone from the people but they are two
signs amongst the signs of Allah. When you see them stand up and
pray.” (Bukhari)

Abu Bakrah Radhiallahu ‘Anhu nattated that Rasoolullah
Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wasallam said: "The sun and the moon are two
signs amongst the signs of Allah and they do not eclipse because
of the death of someone, but Allah warns His devotees with
them." (Bukhari)

The eclipse of the sun or the moon is a reminder of the Last
Day: "When the sky is cleft asunder, and when the stars are
scattered, and when the seas burst beyond their bounds, and when
the graves are overturned, every human will (at last) comprehend
what he has sent ahead (for the Hereafter) and what he had held
back (in this world)." (82:1-5)

It is a demonstration of the Power and Majesty of Allah Ta’aala.
"Verily, in the creation of the heavens and earth, and in the
succession of night and day, there are indeed messages for all
who are endowed with insight." (3:190)

It is a confirmation of how insignificant, defenceless, and
vulnerable man is on earth. "Think not that those who gloat in
what they have produced, – and who love to be praised for what
they have not done – think not that they can escape the
punishment, for a grievous suffering does await them. And unto
Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and earth; and Allah
has power over all things." (3:188-189)

The Salaah at the time of the eclipsing of the sun and moon is
therefore performed as a means to beg the forgiveness and
protection of Allah Ta’aala. It is performed to acknowledge the
power, awe, majesty and greatness of the All-Powerful Being. It
is Allah alone that controls every created entity, even the
celestial entities. He alone controls light and darkness. He
alone controls space and time.

Certain superstitious beliefs are connected to the eclipse of
the sun and moon. These beliefs are incorrect. It is not
permissible to attribute any harm or benefit to this phenomenon.
Nabî Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam has clearly stated that ‘the
eclipsing of the sun and moon are among the signs that Allâh
sends forth, they do not appear on account of the death or birth
of any person.’ Nabî Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam, here implied
that such signs are not related to any kind of good or bad
omens.

Laws
Pertaining to Salaatul Khusuf
The performance of this special Nafl Salah
during a lunar eclipse is called Salatul Khusuf.
Its performance is recommended by
Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam.
Salatul Khusuf consists of two rakats. Four
rak’ats or more is also acceptable.
The Salah is performed individually
– without any congregation.
It shall be performed at home.
There is no requirement for this
salaah to be performed in masjid.
There is neither adhaan nor iqamah for
Salatul Khusuf.
The Niyyah for the Salaah should be
for the performance of Salatul Khusuf (Salah of the lunar
eclipse), as it is performed due to an uncommon and frightening
phenomenon.
The Qirat can be recited audibly or
inaudibly.
The Qirat in this salaah should be
exceptionally long, or as much as one can endure. Surah Baqarah
and similar Surahs may be recited if one is a Hafiz.
The Ruku’ and Sujud should also be
exceptionally long, or as much as one can endure.
Various types of Masnun Du’as may be
recited in the Ruku’ and Sujud.
After the salaah, a lengthy du’a should be
made, whilst pleading to Allah Ta’aala for forgiveness,
protection from Allah’s anger, safety against calamities, and
for one’s needs.
Various types of Itsighfar,
Tasbeehat, Adhkar, etc. may also be made thereafter. Charity
should be given.
Devotion to Allah should cover the entire
period of the eclipse, or as much as a person can manage.
It is also acceptable for various
persons of the household to individually engage in Salah, du’aa,
etc. at different periods during the eclipse in a manner where
the entire period of the eclipse is spent in the devotion to
Allah Ta’aala.
May Allah Ta’ala grant us the ability to
practice on this noble Sunnah of Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alaihi
Wasallam.

May He protect us and pardon us.

Sermon of the Week
The Dignity of
a Muslim (2 of 3)

• Anas radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates: I heard Rasullullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam saying: “Many a dishevelled person
who is covered in dust, clothed in old sheets and is turned away
from peoples doors, (may have such an attachment with Allah
that) if he swears by Allah, certainly Allah will fulfil his
words.” (Tabarani)

• Sahl ibn Sa’d As-Sa‘idi radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that once
a person passed by Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam (and)
he asked someone sitting with him: “What do you think of the
passer-by?” He replied: “He is amongst the respected of the
society. By Allah! If he proposes to a woman, he will be
married; should he recommend (something), his recommendation
will be accepted.” Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam
remained silent. Then another person passed by, and Rasullullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam asked (the same person again): “What
is your opinion about this man?” He answered: “O Rasulallah! He
is amongst the poor Muslims; if he proposes (for marriage), it
will not be accepted; should he recommend (something), his
recommendation will be rejected; and if he speaks, nobody will
pay heed.” Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: “This
man (the poor Muslim) is better than a whole world full of the
like of the first one.” (Bukhari)

• Mus‘ab ibn Sa’d radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that (my father)
Sa’d radhiyallahu ‘anhu considered himself superior to those who
were less than him (in bravery and wealth). So Nabi sallallahu
‘alaihi wasallam said (with an intention to reform) him:
“Undoubtedly you are helped and provided sustenance for due to
the blessings of the weak and destitute amongst you.” (Bukhari)

• Abu Darda’ radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates: I heard Rasullullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam saying: “Look for me amongst the
weak; for you are provided sustenance and help due to the weak
amongst you.” (Abu Dawud)

• Harithah ibn Waheb radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates: I heard Nabi
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam saying:
“Should I not inform you of the people of Jannah? Anyone who is
weak, not harsh in dealings and behaviour, but moderate and
soft; people (also) consider him unimportant, (but he is so
close to Allah that) if he swears by Allah, He will fulfil his
words. And the dwellers of Hell are miserly, insolent and
arrogant.” (Bukhari)

• ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn ‘Aas radhiyallahu ‘anhuma narrates that
Rasullullah Sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam while mentioning the
Hell-Fire said: “The people of the Fire are all those who are
violent, pompous, arrogant, amass wealth and property
excessively (not giving to the needy). The dwellers of Paradise
are the weak and the oppressed.” (Musnad Ahmad)

• Jabir radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that Rasullullah sallallahu
‘alaihi wasallam said: “Anyone with these three qualities shall
be under the shade of Allah’s Mercy (on the Day of Resurrection)
and will be admitted into Paradise: (1) Courtesy towards the
weak (2) Compassion to parents (3) Kindness to slaves
(subordinates).” (Tirmidhi)

• Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas radhiyallahu ‘anhuma narrates that Nabi
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: “The Shaheed (martyr) will be
brought on the Day of Resurrection and made to stand for
reckoning. Then the giver of Sadaqah (charity) will be brought
and made to stand for reckoning. Then, those people will be
brought who suffered many trials and hardships in the world. For
them neither the Scale (of justice) will be established, nor
will any Court (of accountability) be established for them. They
will be bestowed with such immense rewards from Allah that
people who had lived in ease and comfort would wish that their
bodies had been cut with scissors for the reward, it would have
bestowed upon them. (Tabarani)

• Mahmud ibn Labid radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that Rasullullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: “When Allah loves a people, He
afflicts them with trials. Anyone who forbears patiently, (the
reward) for patience is written down for him. Anyone who becomes
impatient, impatience is written down for him (he keeps on
grumbling).” (Musnad Ahmad)

• Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that Rasullullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: “(When) Allah grants a higher
status to a person, but his deeds do not entitle him to such a
status, then Allah continues to afflict him (with trials and
hardships) that cause him inconveniences because of which he
reaches the higher status.” (Abu Ya’laa)

• Abu Sa‘id Al-Khudri and Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu ‘anhuma
narrate that Nabi sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: “Whenever a
Muslim faces fatigue, illness, worry, grief, hurt and sorrow,
even gets pricked by a thorn, in lieu of his sufferings Allah
removes his sins.” (Bukhari)

• ‘A’ishah radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates: I heard Rasullullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam saying: “No Muslim is pierced by a
thorn, or is inflicted with something even less, except that he
is elevated by one rank (in Paradise) and a sin is erased for
him.” (Muslim)

• Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that Rasullullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: “A believing man or a
believing woman continues to remain under trials and afflictions
on his own self, on his children, and his wealth, until he meets
Allah in such a condition that not a single sin remains on him.”
(Tirmidhi)

• Anas ibn Malik radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that Rasullullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: “When Allah afflicts any of
His Muslim slaves with a physical ailment, Allah commands an
angel: “Keep recording all those good deeds which he used to do
(in health). Then if He gives him health, He cleans and purifies
him (by washing his sins). If He recalls his soul, He forgives
and blesses him.” (Abu Ya’laa)

 
Words of Wisdom
Hadith of the Week
Abû Dharr Radiyallâhu ‘Anhu relates that the
Prophet Sallallâhu ‘Alaihi Wasallam said: “Allah, the Lord of
Honour and Glory, says: ‘One who does one good deed shall be
rewarded ten times or more, and one who does an evil deed will
be punished for only one sin, or he may be forgiven; and one who
comes to Me by a hand’s breadth I shall approach him an arm’s
and one who advances towards me by an arm’s length I shall
approach hi the length of two arms; and one who comes to Me
walking, I shall go to him running; and one who meets Me with an
earth full of sins, provided he has not associated anybody with
Me, I shall meet him with an equal amount of pardon.’”

(Muslim)
Quote of the Week
“One who acts without knowledge is like one
who travels off the path; and the one who acts without knowledge
corrupts more than he rectifies. So seek knowledge in a way that
does not harm your worship, and seek to worship [Allah] in a way
that does not harm [your seeking of] knowledge. For verily,
there were people (the Khawârij extremists) who sought to
worship (Allah) but abandoned knowledge until they even attacked
the Ummah of Muhammad Sallallâhu ‘Alaihi Wasallam with their
swords. But if they had sought knowledge, it would not have
directed them to do what they did.”

(Hasan Al-Basrî Rahmatullâhi ‘Alaihi)
Saying of the Week
“If the first words fail, ten
thousand will then not avail.”

(Chinese Proverb)

Question and Answer

Question:

1. When a person declares an asset as Waqf, what is the status
of ownership over the asset?
2. Is the donor allowed to derive benefit from the asset after
it has been declared as Waqf?

Was salaam.

Answer:

1. Waqf is a multi-disciplinary vehicle that can be used, inter
alia, for poverty alleviation. Basically, when a person declares
something as Waqf, his ownership over the item concerned is
terminated and it is as if the owner is now Allah Ta’aala. The
manifestation of this fact is observed in that, when the Waqf
donor passes away, the item given in Waqf does not form part of
his/her estate.

2. Assuming a profit generating property were to be given as
Waqf but the donor intends to derive benefit from the accrued
profits, this could be catered for by incorporating a clause to
that nature in the Waqf deed. Similarly, the Waqf donor could
cater for the needs of specific people in or out of his/her
family by including a similar clause in the Waqf deed that would
allow them to derive benefit from the Waqf asset for the
duration of their lives. After their demise, the beneficiary of
all the proceeds from the Waqf item will be directed towards the
poor. It is to be borne in mind that even at this stage, the
poor do not own the Waqf item and remain mere beneficiaries at
most.

Due to the intricate nature of laws relating to Waqf, it would
be advised that if you require detailed information on the
subject, then an Aalim should be consulted.

References: Mahmoodiyyah 2/462 (Meerat), Mahmoodiyyah 14/234
(Farooqiyyah), I’laaus Sunan 13/132, Ahkaamul Waqf Pg 19

Economic
Indicators
Item/Commodity Value
1 US Dollar R13.35
1 Saudi Riyal R3.51
24 Carat Gold/g R528.09
22 Carat Gold/g R485.02
18 Carat Gold/g R396.74
14 Carat Gold/g R308.87
9 Carat Gold/g R199.86
Silver/g R7.19
Zakaat Nisaab R4401.83
Minimum Mahr R220.09
Mahr Faatimi R11004.57
1 Krugerrand (1oz) R17215.17
All Commodity Values
Exclude VAT (15%)
Updates
Qurbani Arrangements
The Jamiatul Ulama South Africa has this year, once again, arranged for Qurbani /Udhiyya both locally and in India. The
costs per share respectively are: R2400.00 and R400.00.

Details of the arrangements and how you can sponsor a Qurbani
are
here

lmaam Khateeb Workshop
The Jamiatul Ulama South Africa’s Da’wah wal
lrshaad will host an lmaam Khateeb Workshop on Sunday 5 August
2018.

The programme will highlight the responsibilities of an imam has
been scheduled to take place at Nurul Islam Hall, Lenasia, Ext
5, from 9:30am till Dhuhr, after which lunch will be served,
in-sha-Allah.

The speakers will include: Moulana Hassan Dockrat, Moulana Abbas
Sarigat, Moulana Ebrahim Bham, Qari Saleh Peck, Mufti Farouk
Minty, Moulana Yusuf Abed and Moulana Anis Munshi.

For more information, contact Da’wah wal lrshaad as follows:
Phone: 011 852-4631 or
SMS / WhatsApp on:  083 786 7414 / 071 676 1757. Da’wah wal
lrshaad’s email address is: dawah@jamiatsa.org

Useful Links
Jamiatul Ulama South Africa
www.islamsa.org.za
South African National
Halaal Authority
www.sanha.org.za
Jamiah Ulum al Islamiyyah
www.jamiah.co.za
United Ulama Council of South Africa
www.uucsa.org.za
Muslim AIDS
Programme
011 373 8080
 

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