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Vol. 13 No. 16 28 Ramadan 1439/13 June 2018
Comment and Analysis
Eid:The Day of Prize-Giving
“In the bounty of Allah and in His Mercy- in
this let them rejoice”: that is better than the (wealth) they
amass. (10:58)The Day of Eid is an occasion of joy, happiness and hope. Joy at
having accomplished thirty days of intense devotion and
happiness at a remarkable achievement in obedience to the
command of Allah. Eid is more than just a celebration of food,
drink and clothes.

Eid has another name in the kingdom of Allah known as
‘Yawm-ul-Jaa-izah’ – The Day of Prize Giving. It is a Day on
which Allah showers His mercy, pleasure and forgiveness on those
who have duly observed the month of Ramadhan. It is a Day
wherein we receive our dues from Allah for having laboured hard
in Ramadan.

The Frist Prize: Forgiveness of Allah
When the believers come out of their houses and
assemble at the place for the Eid Salaah, Allah says to His
angels: “O My angels, what is the payment of the hired labourer,
who has done his work?” The angels reply, “Our Lord and our
Master, You will pay him his wages in full!” So Allah says, “I
now call upon you to bear witness, O My angels, that I have
conferred My acceptance and My forgiveness as the reward for
their fasting and night vigil during the month of Ramadan.”
[Ghunyalit Taalibi Tareeqal Haq]

The Second Prize: Acceptance of Du’aas
Allah Ta’aala addresses the Muslims who assemble at the
Eid Salaah: “O My servants put your requests to Me now, for I
swear by My Might and My Majesty, you will not ask Me this Day,
in this gathering of yours for anything connected with your life
hereafter, without My granting it to you; nor for anything
connected with your life in this lower world, without My
attending to your need. By My Might and My Majesty, I will not
put you to shame, nor will I expose you to disgrace amongst
those who are faithfully committed to observing the laws (of
Shariah). Now you may depart, knowing that you have been
forgiven. You have won My approval, and I am well pleased with
you.” (Ghunyalit Taalibi Tareeqal Haq)

The Third Prize: Entry into Jannah
“In Paradise there is a gate called Rayyaan, through which those
who used to fast will enter on the Day of Resurrection, and no
one but they will enter it. It will be said, ‘Where are those
who fasted?’ They will get up, and none will enter it but them.
When they have entered, it will be locked, and no one else will
enter.” (Bukhari & Muslim) Eid gives us the key to enter through
the Gate of Rayyaan.

The Fourth Prize: Freedom from slavery
Eid is a celebration of our faith, will power,
discipline and resolve. It is a Day of victory over our carnal
self. “Indeed he who causes this (self) to grow in purity shall
attain a happy state and lost is he who corrupts it” (91: 9/10)
Purification of the soul is a prerequisite for closeness to
Allah. Our morality, self –confidence, perseverance are all
derived from the extent of our self-purity. Zayd bin Arqam said
that the Messenger of Allah would make the following Du’aa when
reading the verse: “O Allah! Verily, I seek refuge with You from
weakness, laziness, senility (of old age), cowardliness,
stinginess and the torment of the grave. O Allah! Give my soul
it’s good and purify it, for You are the best to purify it. You
are its Guardian and Master. O Allah! Verily, I seek refuge with
You from a heart that is not humble, a soul that is not
satisfied, knowledge that does not benefit and a supplication
that is not answered. (Ahmed)

The month of Ramadan demonstrates that we have the faith, the
resolve, the commitment and the willingness to sacrifice in
quest of the pleasure of Allah. We have what it takes to change
at both a personal and a collective level. Believe in yourself,
have faith in your abilities and trust in Allah! The Day of Eid
demonstrates our ability to purify our souls and to free
ourselves from the shackles of bondage to our passion and brute
lust. We celebrate our freedom from the enslavement of our
passions.

The Fifth Prize: Unity of Hearts
Eid is a Day wherein we reaffirm the brotherhood of the
Ummah by assembling at the Eid ‘gha’ and by giving ‘fitra’ to
the poor and needy. It is a time for Muslims to feel the joy of
being united and to demonstrate mercy and compassion by giving
charity before the Eid prayer. “The believers, both men and
women, are awliyya (helpers, supporters, allies) of one another”
(9:71)

This Brotherhood creates a sense of belonging, it gives us a
distinct identity, it is a purveyor of peace and justice, it
provides stability in a world torn apart by so many divisions,
and provides sanctuary to the downtrodden and oppressed. Eid
gives us the opportunity to demonstrate that we are one, united
by our belief in Allah and that our oneness means that we care
and support each other. This brotherhood is tattered, frayed and
shredded in many parts of the Muslim world precisely because our
souls have become tainted and polluted by the grime of craving
and passion.

“In the bounty of Allah and in His Mercy— in this let them
rejoice”; that is better than the (wealth) they amass.” (10:58)
Real joy, real happiness and pleasure is only found in the mercy
and grace of Allah. Eid is a manifestation of the mercy and
grace of Allah, our response to it is joy and happiness.
May Allah make us among those who He is pleased with and those
who are pleased with Him.

Question and Answer
QUESTION: Can Zakaah be given to
one’s parents?
ANSWER:
There are three categories of relatives to
whom Zakaah may not be given. These are, ascendants i.e.
parents, grandparents, etc., descendants i.e. children,
grandchildren, etc. and one’s spouse.QUESTION: Can one pay Zakaah to his own debtor who qualifies as
a Zakaah recipient?
ANSWER:

Yes, a person is allowed to discharge his
Zakaah to the person in question. However, it should not be on a
conditional basis i.e. the credit I have given you should be
settled first or else the sum of Zakaah will be given elsewhere.QUESTION: Is Zakaah payable on the wealth of a minor?
ANSWER:

No, Zakaah is only Waajib on every Baaligh
(Mature) Muslim male/female who possesses the Nisaab value or
more for a lunar year.

QUESTION: Is Zakaah payable on immovable property?
ANSWER:
Immovable property purchased with the
intention or resale has to be subjected to Zakaah. However, if
the primary intention is not resale, then Zakaah would only be
due on the saved rental income.QUESTION:

What is the difference between Fidyah and
Kaffaarah?
ANSWER: Fidyah is the monetary compensation for missed fasts and
Salaah when there is absolutely no hope of recovery in order to
fulfill the acts of worship. Kaffaarah, on the other hand,
refers to a penalty for having violated the rules of an Ibaadah,
such as fasting, in which case, 60 fasts become due for having
intentionally broken a fast.QUESTION: A few fasts were omitted due to
illness; can Fidya be paid for those fasts?
ANSWER: Fidyah can only be paid if there is
absolutely no hope of recovery from an illness. Therefore, as
long as a person is able to fast, albeit on a staggered basis,
the fasts would have to be kept. In other words, the payment of
Fidyah will not suffice.
In the case where there is absolutely no hope of recovery and
Fidyah has to be paid.

QUESTION: Can the Sadaqatul Fitr of one person
be given to a few needy people?
ANSWER: It is permissible to give the Sadaqatul
Fitr of one person to a few needy people, and also the Sadaqatul
Fitr of a few people can be given to a single poor person. It is
not necessary that one person’s amount be given to only one
worthy recipient. Similarly, the amounts of a few donors may be
allocated to a single worthy recipient.

QUESTION: Can Sadaqatul Fitr be given to
non-Muslims?
ANSWER: There are multiple forms of charity in
the Shari’ah. While some can be allocated to both Muslims and
non-Muslims, there is the Waajib form which is specifically for
Muslims. Sadaqatul Fitr is one of them. Therefore, it should be
given to worthy Muslim recipients only.

Sermon of the Week
Da’wah and
Tabligh: Inviting towards Allah (2 of 6)
• Muhammad ibn ‘Uthman ibn Haushab narrates from his grandfather
radhiyallahu ‘anhu that when Allah blessed Muhammad with
eminence, I sent to him a group of forty riders under ‘Abdu
Sharr. They reached him with my letter. Rasullullah sallallahu
‘alaihi wasallam asked him: “What is your name?” He replied:
“Abdu Sharr (slave of evil).” Rasullullah said: “No, but you are
‘Abdu Khair (slave of good).” Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi
wasallam took his oath of allegiance in Islam and sent the reply
of the letter to Haushab Dhi Sulaim through him, So Haushab
accepted Islam.” (Isaabah)

• Abu Sa‘id Al Khudri radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates: I heard
Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam saying: “Anybody amongst
you who sees an evil should change it with his hands; if he is
unable to do so, then with his tongue; if he is unable to do
this (even), then by his heart and this is the weakest form of
Man.” (Muslim)

• Nu’man ibn Bashir radhiyallahu ‘anhuma narrates that
Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: “The example of
the person abiding by Allah’s orders and restrictions and the
one who is not, is like those who drew lots for their position
in a ship. Some of them settled in the upper part and others in
the lower. When those who were in the lower part needed water,
they had to pass by those (with water) who were on the upper
part. So they said: “Let us make a hole in our part of the ship
and save troubling those who are above us. So, if the people in
the upper part let them do what they intended, they would all
perish. If they stopped them with their hands, they would be
saved and all would be saved.” (Bukhari)

• ‘Urs ibn ‘Umairah radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that Rasullullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: “Indeed Allah does not punish
everyone for the faults of a few disobedient people, until these
disobedient people continue to disobey and those who are
obedient, despite being able to stop them, do not stop them – at
this Allah orders for the destruction of all, the obedient and
the disobedient.” (Tabarani, Majma-‘uz-Zawaa-id)

• Abu Bakrah radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that (at the conclusion
of the sermon of Hajj, on 10 Dhil Hajjah at Mina) Rasullullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: “Have I conveyed to you the
commandments of Allah?” We all said: “Yes.” He said: “O Allah!
Be witness to this,” then he said: “Let him who is present here
convey to him who is absent; for verily it so happens that one
to whom a message is conveyed will preserve it more than he who
conveys it.” (Bukhari)

• Hudhaifah ibn Yaman radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that Nabi
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: “By Him, in Whose Hand is my
life, undoubtedly you must enjoin what is good and forbid what
is evil or else Allah will certainty send upon you a Punishment;
then you will supplicate to him and He will not accept it.”
(Tirmidhi)

• Zainab bint Jahsh radhiyallahu ‘anha narrates: I asked: “O
Rasulallah! Would we perish when we have the righteous among
us?” He replied: “Yes! When wickedness prevails.” (Bukhari)

• Anas radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that a young Jew who used to
serve Nabi sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam fell ill. Nabi sallallahu
‘alaihi wasallam visited him and sat by his head and said to
him: “Accept Islam.” He looked at his father who was beside him.
His father said: “Obey Abul Qasim.” So he accepted Islam. At
this Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam came out saying:
“All praise be to Allah, Who has saved him from the Fire.”
(Bukhari)

• Sahl ibn Sa’d radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that Rasullullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: “Indeed, this Goodness (Deen
of Islam) is treasures and these treasures have keys. Glad
tidings for a slave (of Allah) whom Allah has made a key for
good and a lock for evil; and woe to a slave (of Allah) whom
Allah has made a key for evil and a lock for good. (Ibn Majah)

• Jarir radhiyallahu ‘anhu says: I complained to Nabi sallallahu
‘alaihi wasallam that I cannot ride a horse well. He stroked my
chest with his hand and said: “O Allah! Make him a good rider,
let him guide others to the right path and keep him on the right
path.” (Bukhari)

• Abu Sa‘id radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that Rasullullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: “None of you should belittle
himself.” The Sahabah radhiyallahu ‘anhum asked: “O Rasulallah!
How can anyone of us belittle himself?” He said: “He who sees a
matter concerning Allah about which he should say something, but
he does not speak – Allah, the Almighty and Majestic, will ask
him on the Day of Resurrection: “What prevented you from saying
anything about such and such?” He would say: “Out of fear of
people.” Then Allah will say: “Rather it is I whom you should
have feared more.” (Ibn Majah)

Words of Wisdom
Hadith of the Week
Narrated Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (Radhi-Allahu
anhu):
When the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam put on a
new garment he mentioned it by name, turban or shirt, and would
then say:
O Allah, praise be to Thee! as Thou hast clothed me with it, I
ask Thee for its good and the good of that for which it was
made, and I seek refuge in Thee from its evil and the evil of
that for which it was made.
(Sunan of Abu Dawud)
Quote of the Week
“When a man sought knowledge, it would not
be long before it could be seen in his humility, his sight, upon
his tongue and his hands, in his prayer, in his speech and in
his disinterest (Zuhd) in worldly allurements. And a man would
acquire a portion of knowledge and put it into practice, and it
would be better for him than the world and all it contains – if
he could own it he would give it in exchange for the Hereafter.”

(Hasan Al-Basrî Rahmatullâhi ‘Alaihi)

Saying of the Week
If all the seeds that fall were
to grow, then no one could follow the path under the trees.
(Akan Saying)
Economic
Indicators
Item/Commodity Value
1 US Dollar R13.18
1 Saudi Riyal R3.54
24 Carat Gold/g R551.05
22 Carat Gold/g R506.10
18 Carat Gold/g R413.97
14 Carat Gold/g R322.27
9 Carat Gold/g R208.53
Silver/g R7.71
Zakaat Nisaab R4721.72
Minimum Mahr R236.09
Mahr Faatimi R11804.31
1 Krugerrand (1oz) R17965.20
All Commodity Values
Exclude VAT (15%)
Updates
Moonsighting:
Shawwal/Eid-ul-Fitr
The Jamiatul Ulama South Africa, under the
auspices of the United Ulama Council, will be monitoring the
sighting of the crescent that will determine the start of
Shawwal and Eid-ul-Fitr, marking the end of Ramadan.To facilitate this process,

guidelines
have been issued for individuals
and jamaats that are encouraged to go out and seek the sighting
of the moon on Thursday 14 June 2018.

Meanwhile,

moon-sighting data
is also available for
Durban, Johannesburg and Cape Town.

In case of a sighting, Ramadan will end with 29 days with Eid
falling on Friday 15 June 2018. Otherwise, Eid will be on
Saturday 16 June 2018, in-sha-Allah.

We wish all Muslims the world over, Eid Mubarak!

Sadaqatul Fitr: Ramadan
1439
The Jamiatul Ulama South Africa has
determined this year’s Sadaqatul Fitr as follows:Fitrah:
Hanafi: R22.00
Shafi’i/ Hanbali/ Maliki: R28.00

Fidya:
Hanafi: R22.00
Shafi’i/ Hanbali/ Maliki: R7.00

Ibn Abbas RA narrates that Rasulullâh SAW has made obligatory
Sadaqatul Fitr as a means of cleansing the fasts from idle and
lewd talk and in order that it provides food for the poor and
destitute. (Abû Dawûd)

Timely payment of Fitra facilitates distribution before Eid in
accordance with the Sunnah.

Eid Gifts
 Nabī Sallallahu ‘alayhi wassallam said
that: “The best of deeds is bringing joy to a Muslim…”
[Tabranī], the Jamiatul Ulama South Africa arranges to provide
Madrassah; or Maktab-going children from underprivileged areas
with Eid gifts towards the end of Ramadān in order to spread joy
to those less-fortunate on this day of celebration.If you would like to be a part of this effort encouraged by Nabī
Sallallahu ‘alayhi wassallamﷺ, you may contact the Welfare
Department on:

Tel: 0113738000
Email: welfare@jamiatsa.org

Useful Links
Jamiatul Ulama South Africa
www.islamsa.org.za
South African National
Halaal Authority
www.sanha.org.za
Jamiah Ulum al Islamiyyah
www.jamiah.co.za
United Ulama Council of South Africa
www.uucsa.org.za
Muslim AIDS
Programme
011 373 8080

 

 

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