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Vol. 13 No. 15 21 Ramadan 1439/06 June 2018
Comment and Analysis
Ramadân is here: Where are
you?
This world is no more than the planting
field of the Hereafter. Ramadân is a time for tilling the land.
Those who toil, plant seeds of virtue, irrigate their lands with
tears of repentance and draw out the weeds of transgression and
passion by fasting… those who draw the clouds of mercy through
tilawah and dhikr will eventually yield the harvest of Jannah
and save themselves from the scorching and parched terrain of
Jahannam. You will reap as you sow! It is time to toil in
earnest, it is time to cultivate taqwa and make our hearts
fertile and receptive to the commands of Allâh.

Ramadân offers us an opportunity to draw from the unlimited
treasures of Allâh. It is a month of receiving for those who are
prepared to take.

Fasting: Cultivates taqwa

Tarawîh: Irrigates the heart

Tilawah and dhikr: Sow the seeds of virtue

Frequenting the Masjid: Draws the rains of Allâh’s mercy

Du’â: Ensures the protection of our harvest

“Allâh prepares and decorates a special garden in Jannah
everyday (of Ramadân) and says to it: ‘The time is near when my
faithful servants cast aside the great trials (of the world) and
come to you…’”

Ramadân is here: where are you?
Our fast must go beyond abstention of food and drink. The eyes,
ears, tongue and heart must also consciously be made to fast.
The minimum requirement of Ramadân is to stay away from all
that is forbidden and to fulfil all that is fardh. The spirit of
Ramadân however requires that we fulfil every nafl [optional]
act with the conviction that it will open the door to the love
and recognition of Allâh. Allâh runs to those who walk towards
Him and He embraces those who stretch their hands to Him. If we
continue to be heedless and continue committing sin even while
the devil is chained, it displays the extent to which we have
become the disciples of Shaytân.

Ramadân is a time for introspection. A time to look within and
re-evaluate our faith and commitment. “During every day and
night of Ramadân, Allâh sets free a great number of souls from
Jahannam. Certainly every Muslim’s du’âs are accepted during the
nights and days of Ramadân.”

Ramadân is here: where are you?
Ramadân is also a time for generosity, compassion and charity—
not only in terms of wealth but also in terms of our character.
Lend a helping hand, use your skills to benefit the needy, and
forgive those who may have hurt you, if you hope to enjoy
Allâh’s help and forgiveness. Allâh’s mercy rains upon those who
are merciful to others. Allâh’s forgiveness pours upon those who
forgive others. “Whoever feeds the hungry, clothes the naked and
grants shelter to the traveller, Allâh shall save him from the
terrors of Qiyâmah.”

Ramadân is here: where are you?
Ramadân is an exercise in sabr. Sabr at the time of temptation;
sabr in fulfilling the commands of Allâh; and sabr in trying and
testing circumstances. Sabr breeds yaqîn [conviction in Allâh].
It entrenches our belief in taqdîr and infuses humility into our
character. If we become heedless, lethargic and intolerant it
will be a sign that we have lost sabr. “This is indeed the month
of patience, and the reward for true patience is Jannah.”

Ramadân is here: where are you?
“This is the month the first part of which brings Allâh’s mercy,
the middle of which brings His forgiveness and last of which
brings freedom from the fire of Jahannam.”

The doors of Jannah are open while the doors of Jahannam are
shut. Allâh’s mercy abounds. He calls out every day and night.
“Is there anyone begging of Me so that I may grant him his
heart’s desire?”

Ramadân is here: where are you? Make haste before the refrain
changes to:
Ramadân was here: where were you?

Question and Answer
QUESTION: When does Zakaah become due? When
does the year commence?
ANSWER: The first day a person owns surplus Zakaatable wealth,
equal to Nisaab, is regarded as the commencement of a Zakaah
year. One lunar year (Hijri) later, if they are still in
possession of such an amount of wealth, then Zakaah will be due.
Zakaah is not necessarily due in Ramadhaan, but should be
calculated according to the Islamic calendar.

QUESTION: How does one go about calculating
Zakaah on gold/silver jewellery?
ANSWER: When calculating Zakaah on gold/silver
jewellery, one should firstly obtain the exact carat i.e. 14,
18, etc. Secondly, the number of grams in possession should be
ascertained. Finally, the current price should be obtained.
(This is available from our offices)
The equation would then be:- (Number of grams) x (Current price
per gram) = (result) x 2,5% = Amount payable

QUESTION: Can Zakaah funds be used for feeding
Iftaar, either in a Masjid or neutral venue?
ANSWER: It is not permissible to use Zakaah
funds for general feeding purposes where everyone is allowed to
partake of the food prepared.
However, in cases where the poor are given portions/hampers for
them to keep and utilize as and when they desire, it will be
permissible to use Zakaah funds.

QUESTION: Can Zakaah be paid with money not
fully declared to tax authorities?
ANSWER: Undeclared money to the tax authorities
is not regarded as Islamically impermissible money. Therefore,
one would be allowed to use such money for settling a Zakaah
obligation. The obligation of a person to the tax authorities is
another matter altogether.

QUESTION: Which is the most virtuous place for
I’tikaaf?
ANSWER: The place with the most reward for
I’tikaaf is Masjidul Haraam in Makkah. The next most rewarding
is Masjidun Nabawi in Madinah, followed by Masjidul Aqsa.
Thereafter comes the Jami’ Masjid in one’s town and this is
followed by the Masjid closest to one’s home.

Sermon of the Week
Rasulullah
salallahu alayhi wasalam and Ramadan (IV of IV):
Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasalam & the Night of Power

“Verily, we have sent it (this Qur’an) down on the night of
Al-Qadr (Power).
And what will make you know what the night of Al-Qadr (Power)
is?
The night of Al-Qadr (Power) is better than a thousand months
(i.e. worshipping Allah in that night is better than worshipping
Him for a thousand months).
Therein descend the angels and Jibraeel by Allah’s Permission
with all decrees, Peace! Until the appearance of dawn.”
(Surah Al-Qadr 97)

• Laylatul Qadr (the Night of Power) is a gift of Allah unto
this Ummah. It is an opportunity which the Ummah should seize to
obtain closeness to the Almighty through worship and seeking
forgiveness from Him.

• As in every other aspect of our Deen, Rasulullah salallahu
alayhi wasalam was a practical demonstration of how every Ummati
(follower) should conduct themselves:

1. His salallahu alayhi wasalam exhortation to search
for this night:

It is reported in a hadith, ‘Search for it (Laylatul Qadr) among
the odd nights of the last ten days of Ramadan.’ (Bukhari)
Although scholars have differed greatly in stipulating exactly
which of the odd night of the last ten days upon which the Night
of Power occurs, the preferred view is that it is unknown to
anyone besides Allah. The wisdom for it been kept a secret is in
fact a mercy from Allah, so that we could increase in our
worship and effort to search for the correct night. Ubadah bin
Samit radhiyallahi anhu said, ‘Once Rasulullah salallahu alayhi
wasalam came out to inform us of the exact date of Laylatul
Qadr. Unfortunately, a quarrel took place between two Muslims
whereupon he said, ‘I came out to inform you as to when Laylatul
Qadr occurs but because two people argued with each other, the
knowledge of the correct date was taken away – perhaps that is
better for you. So seek it among the ninth, seventh, and fifth
nights.’ Those that are continuously argue and fight should
ponder at the harm being caused not only to the individual but
rather the broader Muslim Ummah.

2. His salallahu alayhi wasalam encouragement towards
good deeds:

Abu Hurairah radhiyallahi anhu narrates that Rasulullah
salallahu alayhi wasalam said, ‘Whosoever stands in the worship
of Allah on the night of Qadr with firm belief in Allah and a
genuine hope of receiving reward, his past and future sins will
be forgiven, and whosoever fasts during the month of Ramadan
with firm belief in Allah and a genuine hope of receiving
reward, his past and future sins will be forgiven.’ (Bukhari)

3. His salallahu alayhi wasalam performance of I’tikaaf:
Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasalam said in a hadith, ‘I
secluded myself in I’tikaaf during the first ten days of Ramadan
searching for Laylatul Qadr. Then, I continued into I’tikaaf for
the next ten days. Thereafter, I was informed that it is in the
last ten days; so whosoever desires to perform I’tikaaf he
should do so. So many people made It’ikaaf with him. (Muslim)

4. His salallahu alayhi wasalam humbleness in worship:
It is surely a symbol of one whose heart has softened in awe of
his Creator, has realized the reality of servitude to Allah and
has acknowledged his own limitations to be most humble before
Allah. Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasalam was a personification
of this. Abu Saeed Khudri radhiyallahi anhu narrates that once
it rained on the evening of the twenty first of Ramadan and the
masjid of Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasalam leaked. My eyes
fell upon the messenger of Allah salallahu alayhi wasalam the
next morning and his blessed face was soiled with mud and
water.’ (Bukhari)

5. His salallahu alayhi wasalam teachings regarding the
Night

Aisha radhiyallahi anha narrated that she asked Rasulullah
salallahu alayhi wasalam, ‘If I happen to find the night of
power, what should I say in du’a?’ He replied,
‘Recite:[Allahumma innaka ‘afuwwun tuhibbul ‘afwa fa’fu ‘anni]
Translation: O Allah! You are the Most Forgiving, the Most
Generous, You love to forgive, so please forgive me.’ (Muslim)
This is an all inclusive du’a begging Allah for His infinite
grace and mercy. As Allah mentions in the Qur’an, this night
brings along with it a group of angels who descend along with
Jibraeel alayhis salaam. They visit every home, dwelling or
shelter wherein a Muslim is worshiping Allah, greet them and
join in by saying Ameen to his du’a.

6. His salallahu alayhi wasalam mention regarding the signs of
this night
In a narration cited in Baihaqi and Muwatta, Rasulullah
salallahu alayhi wasalam while describing the meirts of this
night said, ‘Among the signs of this night is that it is a
serene, quiet, shinning night; neither too hot nor too cold but
moderate. It is as if though the moon is shinning clear and no
stars are flung at the devils on this night. It lasts until the
break of dawn. Another sign is that in the morning, the sun
rises without any radiant beams, appearing rather like moon in
its fullness. On that day, Allah prohibits the Shayateen
(devils) from rising up with the sun.’

 
Words of Wisdom
Hadith of the Week
Ibn ’Abbas Radhi-Allahu anhu narrated, ‘The
Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam enjoined
Zakat-ul-fitr on the one who fasts (i.e. fasted during the month
of Ramadan) to purify him from any indecent act or speech and
for the purpose of providing food for the needy. It is accepted
as Zakah for the person who pays it before the Eid prayer and it
is Sadaqah (i.e. voluntary charity) for the person who pays it
after the Eid prayer.’

(Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah)

Quote of the Week
A person does not show his actions to the
creation except for the ignorance of his Creator

(Ibn Rajab RA)

Saying of the Week
The soul would have no rainbow
if the eye had no tears.

(Native American)

Economic
Indicators
Item/Commodity Value
1 US Dollar R12.78
1 Saudi Riyal R3.41
24 Carat Gold/g R531.95
22 Carat Gold/g R488.57
18 Carat Gold/g R399.64
14 Carat Gold/g R311.13
9 Carat Gold/g R201.32
Silver/g R7.07
Zakaat Nisaab R4329.61
Minimum Mahr R216.48
Mahr Faatimi R10824.03
1 Krugerrand (1oz) R17341.41
All Commodity Values
Exclude VAT (15%)
Updates
Ramadan: Iftaar
Provision
With the aid of Donors, the Jamiatul Ulama
South Africa (JUSA) has been conducting Iftaar feeding
programmes during the month of Ramadan for the past 3 years,
alhamdulillah.

The project entails JUSA along with volunteers going to
disadvantaged areas and preparing Iftaar meals for communities.
Alternatively, communities are given food items and ingredients
with which they prepare meals for themselves.

An average of about 33,000 meals were provided in the past 3
years at 26 venues.

For more information or to be a volunteer, or how one can
contribute, please contact the Welfare Department on:

Tel: 0113738000
Email: welfare@jamiatsa.org

Sadaqatul Fitr: Ramadan
1439
The Jamiatul Ulama South Africa has
determined this year’s Sadaqatul Fitr as follows:

Fitrah:
Hanafi: R22.00
Shafi’i/ Hanbali/ Maliki: R28.00

Fidya:
Hanafi: R22.00
Shafi’i/ Hanbali/ Maliki: R7.00

Ibn Abbas RA narrates that Rasulullâh SAW has made obligatory
Sadaqatul Fitr as a means of cleansing the fasts from idle and
lewd talk and in order that it provides food for the poor and
destitute. (Abû Dawûd)

Timely payment of Fitra facilitates distribution before Eid in
accordance with the Sunnah.

Packaging of Sadaqatul
Fitr Hampers: Ramadān 1439
The Jamiatul Ulama South Africa will be
packing this year’s Sadaqatul Fitr hampers on Sunday, the 10th
of June 2018 at Masjid Muaaz Bin Jabal, Crosby, Jhb. The
exercise will begin at 9:30 am and will conclude at Dhuhr,
In-Shā Allah.

For more information; to be a volunteer; or to know how one can
contribute, please contact the Welfare Department on:

Tel: 0113738000
Email: welfare@jamiatsa.org

Eid Gifts
 Nabī Sallallahu ‘alayhi wassallam said
that: “The best of deeds is bringing joy to a Muslim…”
[Tabranī], the Jamiatul Ulama South Africa arranges to provide
Madrassah; or Maktab-going children from underprivileged areas
with Eid gifts towards the end of Ramadān in order to spread joy
to those less-fortunate on this day of celebration.

If you would like to be a part of this effort encouraged by Nabī
Sallallahu ‘alayhi wassallamﷺ, you may contact the Welfare
Department on:

Tel: 0113738000
Email: welfare@jamiatsa.org

Useful Links
Jamiatul Ulama South Africa
www.islamsa.org.za
South African National
Halaal Authority
www.sanha.org.za
Jamiah Ulum al Islamiyyah
www.jamiah.co.za
United Ulama Council of South Africa
www.uucsa.org.za
Muslim AIDS
Programme
011 373 8080
 

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