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Vol. 13 No. 14 14 Ramadan 1439/30 May 2018
Comment and Analysis
Ramadan: Starve the Body; Feed
the Soul
Man is made up of a dual composition: the
body and soul. The body is inclined to material while the soul
is inclined towards the spiritual If man blindly succumbs to the
dictates of the body, he lowers himself to “the lowest of the
low” to beastly tendencies characterised by the law of the
jungle. Law that is governed by brute force; by the survival of
the fittest; or a life that thrives on parasitic tendencies
where some live off the sweat and blood of others… a life where
sheep-like mentality sways people to blindly follow fashion and
trends.

Humans, therefore, can lower themselves to the life of animals
and beasts. If man is able to uplift and purify his soul, he can
reach the ranks of the pure angels, who find solace in prayer,
whose nature is cleansed from the maladies of greed, arrogance,
and deceit. Purity of thought, sincerity of purpose and
unreserved compliance becomes their hallmark. During Ramadân we
deprive the body to uplift the soul. We feed the soul and starve
the body.

Unfortunately, the materialistic hedonistic global pop culture
strives to nourish the body instead of the soul. This produces
an endless drive to fulfil desires at all costs. We become
slaves to our passion and thus recklessly indulge in the hope of
finding peace and happiness. This enslavement produces constant
frustrations since we are unable to fulfil our unending desires.
Yet this self-gratifying trash comes in such beautiful and
enticing packages that we can hardly resist them. We equate this
slavery with freedom. We consider this march to disaster as
progress. And with every movement, we get further and deeper
into the mire.

Ramadân is here to liberate us from all this. Take a break from
the pop culture. Turn off the music and TV. Say goodbye to the
endless and futile pursuit of happiness in sensory pleasures.
Rediscover your inner self that has been buried deep under it.
Reorient yourself. Devote your time to the reading of the
Qur’an, to voluntary worship, to prayers and conversations with
Allâh. Reflect on the direction of your life and your
priorities. Reflect on and strengthen your relationship with
your Creator.

Ramadân is the month of sabr. Sabr means not only patience and
perseverance in the face of difficulties, it also means being
steadfast in avoiding sin in the face of temptations and
persistence in performing virtues even under difficult
conditions. Overcoming hunger and thirst during fasting is but
part of it. Protecting your eyes, ears, minds, tongues, and
hands, etc. from sins is also part of it. So is being persistent
in doing good deeds as much as possible despite external or
internal obstacles.

Ramadân requires sabr in its fullest sense and provides a
training ground for sabr to be developed and nurtured. It is an
opportunity for the complete overhaul of our life, not just a
small adjustment in meal times.

Ramadân should be a time to internalise the avoidance of being
wasteful, by learning to distinguish needs from luxuries.
Unfortunately, Ramadân to some people is the month of reckless
partying; unending shopping sprees, fancy iftars at posh
restaurants, heedless entertainment and savoury gossip. People
stay up at night, not for worship but for fun; they while away –
time by socialising, watching TV or playing all kinds of sport.

Neither is Ramadân a time of being lazy. We must differentiate
between worldly pleasures and worldly responsibilities. We take
a break from the former and not the latter. Ramadân is the month
of extreme devotion and commitment to the following ‘Ts’:

· Tilawah
· Tuhajjud
· Taraweeh
· Tasbeehat
· Tadharru’ [fervent Du’â]
· Tatawwu’ [Nafl Ibadah]
· Tasahhur [eating Suhûr]
· Taubah [repentance]
· Tawadhu [humility]
· Tafakkur [contemplation].

How much of the above are you doing? The benefit you derive from
this month depends on your commitment.

May Allâh protect us from the dua of Jibra’îl who said “Cursed
be the one who finds Ramadân, but is unable to secure
forgiveness through it, at which Nabî Sallallâhu ‘alayhi
wasallam said: “Âmîn.” 

Question and Answer
QUESTION:  Does
vomiting break the fast?
ANSWER: Your fast would be nullified in the
following two instances:
1. If you induced the vomit (i.e. it was voluntary) and it was a
mouthful irrespective if it was swallowed or not.
2. If it was involuntary and a mouthful, and you intentionally
swallowed it.
Besides the above mentioned scenarios, all other scenarios of
vomiting would not nullify the fast.

QUESTION: If a lady ended her menses after
beginning the fast. Is she allowed to eat?

ANSWER: When a lady is fasting and her menses
commence, then she is allowed to eat and drink, albeit
discreetly. However, when the menses end after a fast has
already commenced, then it is recommended that food and drink be
abstained from in emulation of those who are fasting.

QUESTION: Does kissing nullify the fast?
ANSWER: Firstly, any practice that leads to
arousal should be avoided while fasting. Nevertheless, kissing
only has the potential to nullify a fast if it involves the
exchange of saliva. Naturally, if it is merely on the cheek, lip
or any other part of the skin, then the fast will remain intact.

QUESTION: Does masturbating break the fast?
ANSWER: Masturbating is prohibited, whether
fasting or not. However if a person does so, then the fast will
break and a Qadha after the month of Ramadhaan would be
necessary. May Almighty Allah protect us from this habit and
guide those who may be affected.

QUESTION: Is intentional steaming of the face
allowed while fasting?
ANSWER: Intentional inhaling of steam, like in
the case of cosmetic facial treatments, nullifies the fast due
to proper water vapour inhalation. The practice should be
avoided by both consumers as well as service providers.

QUESTION: How should Qadhaa be performed, of
Taraweeh, if it is missed due to illness?
ANSWER: Taraweeh is Sunnah Muakkadah
(Emphasised Sunnah) and there is no Qadhaa for a Sunnah
Muakkadah, more so if it is omitted for a valid reason such as
illness, etc. However, it should be borne in mind that Esha
Salaah still has to be performed.

QUESTION: Is one allowed to perform all 14
Sajdah Tilaawah after reciting the whole Quran?
ANSWER: Since there is no guarantee of life,
the practice is not encouraged. One should endeavour to perform
each Sajdah after having recited the relevant verse. Movement of
the body will also aid in re-energizing for further recital.

Sermon of the Week
Rasulullah
salallahu alayhi wasalam and Ramadan (III of IV):
Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasalam & his Ummah

“Verily, there has come unto you a Messenger (Muhammad SAW) from
amongst yourselves. It grieves him that you should receive any
injury or difficulty. He is anxious over you (to be rightly
guided); for the believers (he is) full of pity, kind, and
merciful.” (9:128)

• As compared to other days of the year, during the blessed
month of Ramadan Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasalam paid much
more attention towards the social, physical and spiritual
wellbeing of his companions and those around him.

• He sought various avenues and means in order to achieve these
goals:

1. His salallahu alayhi wasalam teaching the Sahabah
radhiyallahi anhum
Imparting education and the pristine teachings of Allah
has been always among the central activities of the Ambiyaa
alayhimus salaam and those who followed thereafter in their
footsteps. Describing this quality of the beloved of Allah
salallahu alayhi wasalam, Mu‘awiya bin Hakam radhiyallahi anhu
narrates, ‘May my parents be sacrificed for him, I have not seen
a better teacher than him; neither before him nor after him. By
the oath of Allah, he did not scold me, he did not hit me, and
he did not swear at me.’ (Muslim) Among his teachings during
this month include: ‘If a person forgetfully eats during the
month of Ramadan, there is neither a need to repeat the fast nor
for any compensation to be paid.’ (Ibn Khuzaimah) ‘If a person
involuntarily vomits whilst fasting, there is no need to repeat
the fast. However, whoever voluntarily does so will have to
repeat the fast.’ (Ahmad)

2. His salallahu alayhi wasalam encouragement towards
good deeds

Abu Hurairah radhiyallahi anhu narrated that Rasulullah
salallahu alayhi wasalam remarked, ‘Every good deed of the son
of Adam is multiplied. One good deed is multiplied ten times and
sometimes up to seven hundred fold. Allah says, ‘This is
excluding fasting. Fasting is for me and I will reward it
because the fasting person abstains from food and censual
desires for my sake. For a fasting person there are two moments
of joy: the joy at the time of breaking the fast and the joy
upon meeting his Creator. Certainly, the smell which emanates
from the mouth of a fasting person is more beloved in the eyes
of Allah than the fragrance of musk.’ (Muslim) Ibn Umar
radhiyallahi anhu narrated that Rasulullah salallahu alayhi
wasalam said, ‘Performing Umrah during Ramadan is equivalent in
reward to performing Hajj with me.’ (Bukhari)

3. His salallahu alayhi wasalam mercy towards his Ummah
The very mission of Nabi salallahu alayhi wasalam was
encompassed by his quality of mercy and compassion, as the
Qur’an declares, ‘And We have sent you (O Muhammad SAW) not but
as a mercy for the Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that
exists).’ (21:107) Among the many, one illustration of this was
his insistence of hastening the partaking of Iftaar as soon as
the time sets in and the eating of food at the time of Sehri.
Sahl bin Sa’d bin Sahl radhiyallahi anhu reports that Nabi
salallahu alayhi wasalam said, ‘People will continue to remain
on good so long as they hasten to partake of Iftaar (as soon as
the time sets in).’ (Bukhari)

4. His salallahu alayhi wasalam meeting with delegations
Despite his engagement in the worship of Allah during this
auspicious month, he continued to meet, welcome and fulfill the
needs of those who visited him. Ibn Is-haq writes that it was
during the month of Ramadan that Rasulullah salallahu alayhi
wasalam returned from the expedition of Tabuk and in the very
same month a delegation from the tribe of Thaqeef visited him.
He ordered a tent be erected for their accommodation in a corner
of the Masjid and Nabi salallahu alayhi wasalam made personal
arrangements for their food.

5. His salallahu alayhi wasalam encouragement of charity

More than any other time of the year, this is a month of charity
and giving. Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasalam mentioned,
‘…whoever gives to a fasting person something for Iftar, his
sins will be forgiven and he will be saved from Jahannam; he
obtains as much reward as the fasting person (to whom he had
given something for Iftaar) while the reward of the person is
not reduced in any way.’The people asked: ‘O Rasulullah! All of
us are not by the means to give something for the Iftaar of
another. Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasalam said, ‘This reward
is even for a person who gives another a date, or a drink of
water or milk (for Iftaar)…’ (Ibn Khuzaimah)

 
Words of Wisdom
Hadith of the Week
Jâbir Radiyallâhu ‘Anhu reported that the
Messenger of Allah Sallallâhu ‘Alaihi Wasallam went through the
market with people on both sides of him. He passed the dead body
of a deformed sheep, took it by its ear and then said, "Which of
you would like to have this for a dirham?" They said, "We would
not like to have it for anything. What would we do with it?" He
said, "Would you like to have it for free?" They said, "By
Allah, even if it was alive, it would be defective since it is
deformed, and now it is dead." He said, "By Allah, this world
has less value with Allah than this has to you."

(Muslim)

Quote of the Week
“Your life in the present moment is in
between the past and the future. So what has preceded can be
rectified by tawbah (repentance), nadam (regret) and istighfar
(seeking Allaah’s forgiveness). And this is something that will
neither tire you, nor cause you to toil as you would with
strenuous labour.”

(Ibn Qayyim)
Saying of the Week
If you see no reason for giving
thanks, the fault lies in yourself.

(Minquass/ Native American)

Economic
Indicators
Item/Commodity Value
1 US Dollar R12.62
1 Saudi Riyal R3.36
24 Carat Gold/g R526.60
22 Carat Gold/g R483.66
18 Carat Gold/g R395.63
14 Carat Gold/g R308.01
9 Carat Gold/g R199.31
Silver/g R7.22
Zakaat Nisaab R4420.87
Minimum Mahr R221.04
Mahr Faatimi R11052.18
1 Krugerrand (1oz) R17166.67
All Commodity Values
Exclude VAT (15%)
Updates
Ramadan: Iftaar
Provision
With the aid of Donors, the Jamiatul Ulama
South Africa (JUSA) has been conducting Iftaar feeding
programmes during the month of Ramadan for the past 3 years,
alhamdulillah.

The project entails JUSA along with volunteers going to
disadvantaged areas and preparing Iftaar meals for communities.
Alternatively, communities are given food items and ingredients
with which they prepare meals for themselves.

An average of about 33,000 meals were provided in the past 3
years at 26 venues.

This past weekend, our Welfare Department along with volunteers
were in Eden Park and at Peterson Street Masjid in Hillbrow
where approximately 340 people were catered for with Ifṭār and
supper on Saturday evening.

On Sunday our team was joined by Radio Islam and visited
Greenfields, South of Johannesburg where more than 280 people
were served.

For more information or to be a volunteer, or how one can
contribute, please contact the Welfare Department on:

Tel: 0113738000
Email: welfare@jamiatsa.org

Sadaqatul Fitr: Ramadan
1439
The Jamiatul Ulama South Africa has
determined this year’s Sadaqatul Fitr as follows:

Fitrah:
Hanafi: R22.00
Shafi’i/ Hanbali/ Maliki: R28.00

Fidya:
Hanafi: R22.00
Shafi’i/ Hanbali/ Maliki: R7.00

Ibn Abbas RA narrates that Rasulullâh SAW has made obligatory
Sadaqatul Fitr as a means of cleansing the fasts from idle and
lewd talk and in order that it provides food for the poor and
destitute. (Abû Dawûd)

Timely payment of Fitra facilitates distribution before Eid in
accordance with the Sunnah.

Packaging of Sadaqatul
Fitr Hampers: Ramadān 1439
The Jamiatul Ulama South Africa will be
packing this year’s Sadaqatul Fitr hampers on Sunday, the 10th
of June 2018 at Masjid Muaaz Bin Jabal, Crosby, Jhb. The
exercise will begin at 9:30 am and will conclude at Dhuhr,
In-Shā Allah.

For more information; to be a volunteer; or to know how one can
contribute, please contact the Welfare Department on:

Tel: 0113738000
Email: welfare@jamiatsa.org

Eid Gifts
 Nabī Sallallahu ‘alayhi wassallam said
that: “The best of deeds is bringing joy to a Muslim…”
[Tabranī], the Jamiatul Ulama South Africa arranges to provide
Madrassah; or Maktab-going children from underprivileged areas
with Eid gifts towards the end of Ramadān in order to spread joy
to those less-fortunate on this day of celebration.

If you would like to be a part of this effort encouraged by Nabī
Sallallahu ‘alayhi wassallamﷺ, you may contact the Welfare
Department on:

Tel: 0113738000
Email: welfare@jamiatsa.org

Useful Links
Jamiatul Ulama South Africa
www.islamsa.org.za
South African National
Halaal Authority
www.sanha.org.za
Jamiah Ulum al Islamiyyah
www.jamiah.co.za
United Ulama Council of South Africa
www.uucsa.org.za
Muslim AIDS
Programme
011 373 8080
 

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