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Vol. 13 No. 13 07 Ramadan 1439/23 May 2018
Comment and Analysis
Ramadan: The Month of the
Qur’an
The revelation of the Glorious Qur’an began
in the sublime month of Ramadan and spanned over a period of
twenty three glorious years. The night that witnessed the
beginning of revelation has been crowned as ‘more sublime than a
thousand months’ in its spiritual character. We celebrate the
revelation of the Qur’an by fasting during the day and standing
in prayer during the night.

The link between fasting and our capacity to draw guidance of
the Qur’an is very significant. Allah says: “This is a Book; in
it is guidance without any doubt for the muttaqeen (those who
are conscious of the ever presence of Allah).” (2:2). Taqwa is
therefore a pre-requisite for drawing guidance from the Qur’an.
We develop Taqwa (consciousness of Allah) by fasting. Allah
says:

“O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you as it was
prescribed for those before you so that you may develop Taqwa.”
(2:183) Fasting creates awareness of the presence of Allah which
in turn creates an enabling ability to submit to the guidance
offered by the Qur’an. In order to bring the soul into harmony
with the Quranic ideals of belief and virtue, fasting is
prescribed as a way for individuals to come closer to Allah. In
doing so, the entire human body is able to transform itself into
an agent of positive moral and social change.

The importance of the relationship between fasting and the
Qur’an is further emphasised by the fact that the Angel
Jibra’eel (‘alayhis salam) would visit Rasulullah (sallallahu
‘alayhi wasallam) every night in Ramadan to recite the Qur’an.
Ibn ‘Abbas (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) narrates that: “Rasulullah
(sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) was the most generous person, and
he would be most generous in Ramadan because Jibra’eel (‘alayhis
salam) would come to him every night and he would recite the
Qur’an with him. Truly, when Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi
wasallam) would meet Jibra‘eel (alayhis salam), he would be more
generous than the fleeting wind.” (Bukhari & Muslim)

“Fasting and the Qur’an will intercede for the slave on the Day
of Resurrection. Fasting will say: ‘O My Sustainer! I prevented
him from food and desires, so accept my intercession for him.’
And the Qur’an will say: ‘I prevented him from sleep during the
night, so accept my intercession for him.’ He then said: ‘And
they will (be allowed to) intercede.” (Ahmad)

Allah has prescribed the Taraweeh Salaah as the inter-link
between the Qur’an and Fasting. This inter-link enhances our
levels of Allah consciousness. The Qur’an is Allah’s address to
humanity. Salaah is the medium through which we connect with
Allah. Taraweeh Salaah is a means of rehearsing the entire
address of Allah to humanity while being directly connected to
Him. Unfortunately, many people wrongly assume that twenty
raka’ats taraweeh is not a Sunnah practise and leave the masjid
after eight raka’ats.

It is reported from ‘Aishah (radhiyallahu ‘anha) that Rasulullah
(sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) performed salaah one night in the
Musjid. A group of people (Sahabah – radhiyallahu ‘anhum)
followed him in his salaah. Thereafter, Rasulullah (sallallahu
‘alayhi wasallam) performed salaah the following night and the
number of people increased. Thereafter, they gathered in the
third or fourth night but Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi
wasallam) did not go out to them. When Rasulullah (sallallahu
‘alayhi wasallam) went out in the morning he said: “I had seen
what you had done. The only thing that prevented me from coming
out to you was that I feared that it (the salaah at night in
Ramadan) would be made compulsory upon you. This was in
Ramadan.” (Bukhari)

The above Hadith clearly indicates that Taraweeh Salaah with
congregation in the month of Ramadan is originally the Sunnah of
Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) and the only reason
that Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) curtailed this
practice was due to the fear that it might be made compulsory
(fard) upon the Ummah.

The proponents of eight raka’ats taraweeh quote the following
hadeeth of ‘Aishah (radhiyallahu ‘anha) as stated in Bukhari.
‘Aishah (radhiyallahu ‘anha) was asked about the salaah of
Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam). She replied by saying
that “Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) did not exceed
eleven rakaats in Ramadan nor in any other month…” This hadith
apparently indicates that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi
wasallam) performed eight raka’ats taraweeh and three rakaats
witr. However, the words ‘nor in any other month’ clearly
indicates that this was with reference to Tahajjud Salaah and
not Taraweeh Salaah. The fact that Imaam Bukhari (rahimahullah)
himself has mentioned this hadith under the chapter of Tahajjud
Salaah and not Taraweeh Salaah. This is clear proof that the
salaah in question refers to Tahajjud and not Taraweeh Salaah.

‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) during his Khilaafah had directed
that Taraweeh Salaah be performed collectively in the Masaajid,
lest the practice of Taraweeh Salaah is lost to the Ummah. He
did not introduce the number of raka’ats on his own accord. To
believe that the twenty raka’ats is an innovation of ‘Umar
(radhiyallahu ‘anhu) is to undermine his integrity and the
integrity of all the Sahabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) who were
present at that time. It was the nature of the Sahabah
(radhiyallahu ‘anhum) that without the order and permission of
Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) they would not perform
any religious action. It is this very same 20 raka’ats taraweeh
that has been performed from the time of the Sahabah
(radhiyallahu ‘anhum) to the present day.

• Ibn Taymiyya (rahimahullah) says: “It has been established
that Ubbay bin Ka’ab (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) would lead the people
in twenty raka’ats and three witr. It is therefore the opinion
of most of the ‘Ulama that (twenty rakaats) is sunnah, since he
lead the Muhajireen and Ansaar (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) and not a
single person objected to it.” (Fatawaa Ibn Taymiyya) A sunnah
is an approved practice established from either Nabi (sallallahu
‘alayhi wasallam) himself, or from the Ijmaa’ (consensus) of the
Sahabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum).

• Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) quotes Yazeed bin Rummaan
(radhiyallahu ‘anhu) as saying: “The people (Sahabah
-radhiyallahu ‘anhum) performed twenty three raka’ats during the
era of ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu).” (Muwatta)

• ‘Abdur Rahman Assulami (rahimahullah) relates that Ali
(radhiyallahu ‘anhu) called the Qurraa’ (those well versed in
the recitation of the Qur’an) in Ramadan and commanded one
person to lead them in twenty raka’ats. ‘Ali (radhiyallahu
‘anhu) would then lead them in Witr Salaah. (Bayhaqi)

• Imam Tirmidhi (rahimahullah) writes: “This is the view of the
‘Ulama like Ali (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu)
and other Sahabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) that twenty raka’ats
should be performed. This was (also) the view of Sufyaan Thouri,
Ibn Mubarak, and Imaam Shafi’i (rahimahumullah). Imam Shafi’i
(rahimahullah) says: “I have found my city Makkah Mukarramah
wherein all the people performed twenty raka’ats.” (Tirmidhi)

May Allah protect us from straying off the path of our pious
predecessors.

Sermon of the Week
Rasulullah
salallahu alayhi wasalam and Ramadan (II of IV):
Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasalam & his Wives

“Indeed in the Messenger of Allah (Muhammad salallahu alayhi
wasalam) you have a good example to follow for him who hopes in
(the Meeting with) Allah and the Last Day and remembers Allah
much.” (33:21)

“And live with them (your wives) kindness…” (4:19)

• If one studies the life of Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasalam
during the month of Ramadan, it will become apparent the balance
he maintained in fulfilling the rights of his beloved wives
while at the same time not falling short in his devotions to
Allah. This was despite the fact that he said, ‘I am the most
Allah-consciousness among you and I am the most knowledgeable of
Allah from all of you.’ (Bukhari). At the same time in another
narration he said, ‘The best among you is the one who is the
best to his wife and I am the best to my family.’ (Tirmidhi)

• Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasalam displayed this exemplary
side of his character too in the most unique manner:

1. His salallahu alayhi wasalam teaching them
Many of the narrations which depict the life of Rasulullah
salallahu alayhi wasalam during Ramadan have been narrated to us
on the authority of his beloved wives. This is a clear
indication of how he attempted to involve them to be part of his
daily activity and to educate them. Aisha radhiyallahi anha
narrated that she asked Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasalam, ‘If
I happen to find the night of power, what should I say in du’a?’
He replied, ‘Say: O Allah! You are the Most Forgiving, the Most
Generous, You love to forgive, so please forgive me.’ (Muslim)

2. His salallahu alayhi wasalam wives being informed
about him

Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasalam did not live a life wherein
he excluded his family members from the activities of his
mission of Prophethood and his acts of worship. Once, Aisha
radhiyallahi anha was asked, ‘How was the (tahajud) salah of
Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasalam during Ramadan?’ She
replied, ‘He would not perform more than eleven raka’ah of salah
neither in Ramadan nor out of Ramadan. He would first perform
four raka’ah, do not ask of how wonderful and how long it was!
Thereafter he would perform another four raka’ah, do not ask of
how wonderful and how long it was! Thereafter he would perform
three raka’ah (witr).’ (Bukhari)

3. His salallahu alayhi wasalam intimate relations with
his wives

The wives of Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasalam serve as the
greatest source of reference for the Ummah to come to know of
this aspect of his noble life. Aisha radhiyallahi anha narrated
regarding Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasalam, ‘When the last
ten days (of Ramadan) arrived, he would tightly fasten his lower
garment (i.e. refrain from intimate relations), spend the nights
in the worship of Allah and awake his family members (to join in
the same).’ (Bukhari) In another narration, she reports saying,
‘Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasalam would kiss his wives whilst
he was fasting.’ Aisha radhiyallahi anha was asked, ‘Was it the
compulsory or the optional fast?’ She replied, ‘In both, the
compulsory and optional fasts.’ (Muslim) As the scholars have
stated, if a person has a fear that such an action will lead to
invalidating the fast, then one should refrain completely from
it.

4. His salallahu alayhi wasalam encouragement to exert
in worship

In as much as the noble Messenger salallahu alayhi wasalam
busied himself in the worship of Allah, he was always concerned
of the spiritual welfare of his household and never lagged in
this duty. Ali radhiyallahi anhu says that during the last ten
days if Ramadan, Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasalam would awake
his family members (to engage in the worship of Allah).
(Tirmidhi) Similarly, when Aisha and Hafsa radhiyallahi anhun
sought his permission to sit in I’tikaaf during the last ten
days of Ramadan, he permitted them to do so. (Bukhari)

5. His salallahu alayhi wasalam marriage during Ramadan
What better example can there be of the moderation in the
personality of the most beloved of Allah salallahu alayhi
wasalam, in spite of his apparent preoccupation only with His
creator and the mission he had at hand! Tarikh Tabari has cited
a narration that Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasalam married
Zainub bint Khuzaimah radhiyallahi anha, the mother of the poor,
in the Ramadan of the third year of hijra and he consummated the
marriage in the very same month.

• These are but a few glimpses of the life of Rasulullah
salallahu alayhi wasalam during this great month, more so with
reference to how he interacted with his wives and family members
during these days. A keen observer will find many more such
examples recorded in the books of Seerah and Hadith. May Allah
bestow us with His love and the love of His Beloved salallahu
alayhi wasalam. Ameen.

 
Words of Wisdom
Hadith of the Week
Abu Talhah Radiyallahu ‘Anhu says: "We
complained to Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam about the
severe pangs of hunger, and showed him the stones fastened on
our stomachs. A stone was fastened on the stomach of every one
of us due to severe hunger. Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi
Wasallam showed us two stones fastened onto his stomach".
(Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam experienced
more hunger than we did, and he had spent a longer period than
us since he had last eaten).

(Shamā’il al-Tirmidhi)

Quote of the Week
“I for one believe that if you give people a
thorough understanding of what confronts them and the basic
causes that produce it, they’ll create their own program, and
when the people create a program, you get action.” 

(Maalik al Shabaaz aka Malcolm X)

Saying of the Week
If you want to gather a lot of
knowledge, act as if you are ignorant.

(Vietnamese Saying)
Question and Answer
Question: Is the brushing of teeth
with a toothbrush permitted while fasting?
Answer:
Using a toothbrush without toothpaste will be
permitted throughout the day, whereas using it with toothpaste
will be Makrooh (disliked). Obviously, if some toothpaste
happens to go down the throat, then the fast will break.

Question: If a person forgets to say
the Du’a when breaking the fast, will his fast still hold?

Answer: Yes, even though a person forgets to
say the Du’a when breaking the fast, his fast will still hold
and be regarded as valid.

Question: Does a woman who has her monthly period,
allowed to fast?

Answer: A woman is not permitted to fast during
her menstruation. She will be required to keep the Qadhaa of any
missed fast.

Question: Does the application of a lip balm nullify the
fast?

Answer: As there is a strong possibility and
fear that a balm like Vaseline, etc. applied on the lips would
enter the mouth and be swallowed, one is advised against
applying anything on the lips. If one is constrained to use a
balm on the lips then one should ensure that none of it enters
the mouth, as swallowing of the balm would break the fast.

Question: Is it permissible to cut one’s nails or hair
while fasting?

Answer: A fasting person is allowed to cut
one’s nails and hair. The cutting of the nails and hair will not
invalidate the fast.

Economic
Indicators
Item/Commodity Value
1 US Dollar R12.58
1 Saudi Riyal R3.36
24 Carat Gold/g R524.05
22 Carat Gold/g R481.32
18 Carat Gold/g R393.71
14 Carat Gold/g R306.52
9 Carat Gold/g R198.36
Silver/g R7.24
Zakaat Nisaab R4435.81
Minimum Mahr R221.79
Mahr Faatimi R11089.53
1 Krugerrand (1oz) R17083.29
All Commodity Values
Exclude VAT (15%)
Updates
Ramadan: Iftaar
Provision
With the aid of Donors, the Jamiatul Ulama
South Africa (JUSA) has been conducting Iftaar feeding
programmes during the month of Ramadan for the past 3 years,
alhamdulillah.

The project entails JUSA along with volunteers going to
disadvantaged areas and preparing Iftaar meals for communities.
Alternatively, communities are given food items and ingredients
with which they prepare meals for themselves.

An average of about 33,000 meals were provided in the past 3
years at 26 venues.

For more information or to be a volunteer, or how one can
contribute, please contact the Welfare Department on:

Tel: 0113738000
Email: welfare@jamiatsa.org

Sadaqatul Fitr: Ramadan
1439
The Jamiatul Ulama South Africa has
determined this year’s Sadaqatul Fitr as follows:

Fitrah:
Hanafi: R22.00
Shafi’i/ Hanbali/ Maliki: R28.00

Fidya:
Hanafi: R22.00
Shafi’i/ Hanbali/ Maliki: R7.00

Ibn Abbas RA narrates that Rasulullâh SAW has made obligatory
Sadaqatul Fitr as a means of cleansing the fasts from idle and
lewd talk and in order that it provides food for the poor and
destitute. (Abû Dawûd)

Timely payment of Fitra facilitates distribution before Eid in
accordance with the Sunnah.

Useful Links
Jamiatul Ulama South Africa
www.islamsa.org.za
South African National
Halaal Authority
www.sanha.org.za
Jamiah Ulum al Islamiyyah
www.jamiah.co.za
United Ulama Council of South Africa
www.uucsa.org.za
Muslim AIDS
Programme
011 373 8080
 

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