Jamiatul Ulama South Africa Online Newsletter

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Vol. 13 No. 11 23 Sha’baan 1439/10 May 2018
Comment and Analysis
Ramadan: A Time to Reap the
Harvest
All praise is due to Allah who has
blessed us with the opportunity to reap the harvest from yet
another month of Ramadhan. May His choicest salutations continue
to shower over our Master and Leader Muhamad (saw) who taught
fulfillment through abstention.

“… And it is better for you that you fast, if ye only knew."
(2:184)

Ramadhan is the month in which Allah Almighty opens His doors of
mercy, forgiveness and blessings upon Muslims. It is an annual
opportunity for Muslims to physically and spiritually revive
themselves. Ramadhan softens the heart, helps us realign our
purpose of existence and makes us better and stronger
individuals. It is a time for spiritual reflection, prayer and
good deeds. It is a time to learn generosity, charity, sympathy
and humility. .

Nabi (saw) has said: “Your example and the example of the people
of the two Scriptures (i.e., Jews and Christians) is like the
example of a man who employed some labourers and asked them:
‘Who will work for me from morning till midday for one Qirat?’
The Jews accepted and carried out the work. He then asked: “Who
will work for me from midday up to the `Asr Salah for one
Qirat?’ The Christians accepted and fulfilled the work. He then
said: ‘Who will work for me from `Asr till sunset for two
Qirats?’ You, Muslims have accepted the offer. The Jews and the
Christians got angry and said: ‘Why should we work more and get
lesser wages?’ (Allah) said: ‘Have I withheld part of your
right?’ They replied in the negative. He said: ‘It is My
Blessing, I bestow upon whomever I wish” (Bukhari)

We have been blessed with occasions like Laylatul Qadr and
Ramadhan to complement our relatively short period of existence
between ‘asr and maghrib’ so that we earn manifold rewards for
our limited labour. We can achieve in one Ramadhan what took a
lifetime for previous nations to accomplish. The lifespan of
this ummah will be much shorter than previous nations but
rewards accrued in their short life span will outstrip those who
lived very much longer. This is month for us to reap the harvest
and to invest for our future. Ramadhan affords us the
opportunity to:

• Secure the key to the Door of Rayyan:
Jannah has eight gates which can only be accessed by people with
certain unique characteristics. Nabi (saw) has said: "There is a
gate to Paradise that is called Rayyan. On the Day of
Resurrection it will say: ‘Where are those who fasted?’ When the
last [one] has passed through the gate, it will be locked."
(Bukhari & Muslim). Ramadhan offers us the opportunity to earn
our ‘entry passes’ to paradise.

• Secure the intercession of the Quran and the Fast

Abdullah ibn `Amr reported that the Messenger of Allah (saw),
said: "The fast and the Qur’an are two intercessors for the
servant of Allah on the Day of Resurrection. The fast will say:
‘O Lord, I prevented him from his food and desires during the
day. Let me intercede for him.’ The Qur’an will say: ‘I
prevented him from sleeping at night. Let me intercede for him.’
And their intercession will be accepted." [Imam Ahmad] On that
Day no one will be allowed to intercede accept those that Allah
permits. What greater ally can we hope for on that Day other
than the fast and the Quran?

• Seek forgiveness of past sins
Abu Huraira (ra) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (saw)
said:"… whoever fasts during Ramadan out of sincere faith and
hoping to attain Allah’s rewards, all his past sins will be
forgiven." (Imam Bukhari). The condition for earning divine
forgiveness is based on ‘faith’ and ‘hoping to attain Allah’s
reward”. If we fast only to gain social acceptance or if we
believe that fasting is a cruel imposition meant to make us
suffer, we will only attain hunger and deprivation of sleep
through our fasting and prayers.

• Experience the joy of meeting our Creator
“The fasting person has two occasions for joy, one when he
breaks his fast and the other when he meets his Rabb.” (Bukhari)
When the rest of humanity will be overwhelmed by fear and
anxiety, the fasting person will eagerly wait to meet his Rabb.
The following dua should be read regularly:
“O Allah, I ask You for the delight of gazing at Your
Countenance and the eagerness of meeting You.” (Nasa ee)

• Earn the ‘Furqan’
“O ye who believe! If you develop the conscious awareness of
Allah (Taqwa) He will grant you the Furqan – (a criterion to
judge between right and wrong), remove from you (all) evil (that
may afflict) you, and forgive you: for Allah is the Lord of
grace unbounded.” (8:29)

Allah will bless us with the spiritual & mental capacity to
distinguish between right and wrong, good and bad, virtue and
vice. This is further corroborated in a hadith that says: “No
slave adheres to abstinence except that Allah will germinate
wisdom in his heart, make him articulate it – and Allah will
reveal to him the trappings of this world; both its diseases and
cures and Allah will take him from this world safely to the
abode of peace. “ (Bayhaqi)

Our challenge is to maximize the use of our time by setting
goals and targets for ourselves. We may not live to see another
Ramadan! May Allah make us of those who are able to make the
best of these precious days.

Question and Answer

Question:

Is a person allowed to disinherit an heir? Does it have an
effect if it was done?

A person has drawn up his Will and allocated assets to whoever
he wishes, is this in order?

Do gifts given away in ones lifetime fall into the state of the
deceased?

Please advise on transfer of ownership if assets are being given
in ones lifetime.

Was salaam.

Answer:


Firstly, disinheriting or disowning an heir is not valid in
Shari’ah. The share that is due to that heir from an estate,
which excludes valid gifts given away during the deceased’s
lifetime, does not fall away; rather he will still have a claim
to it. Even if it has been allocated to others through the
secular winding up of the estate, the persons who receive more
than their rightful Shar’i share will not be able to use that
surplus; rather it has to go to the rightful owner.

Secondly, a person’s heirs can only be ascertained for sure once
he has passed away. There is no certainty as to who will pass
away sooner and who later.

Thirdly, during a person’s lifetime he is at liberty to give any
possession of his to any person he wishes to. Whatever is given
away is actually a gift rather than inheritance. The rules of
inheritance would only apply to those assets which are left
behind in a person’s estate once he passes away.

If a person decides to give something away as a gift during his
lifetime then the person receiving the gift should be given full
possession and control of it immediately. If it is something
which requires registration in a particular person’s name, e.g.
immovable property, etc. then the transfer should also
preferably be done.

Sermon of the Week
Da’wah and
Tabligh: Inviting towards Allah (1 of 6)

• Mu‘awiyah radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that Rasullullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: “Indeed I am only a Messenger
and Allah alone guides. I am only a distributor, and Allah alone
bestows (knowledge).” (Tabarani, Jami-‘us-Saghir)

• Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that Rasullullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said to his uncle Abu Talib (at the
time of his death): “Say La ilahaa illaallah (None is worthy of
worship but Allah), I will stand witness for you on the Day of
Resurrection. He said: “Were it not for the Quraish taunting me
that I testified out of fear of death, indeed I would have
cooled your eyes by saying these words.” At this, Allah revealed
the verse: “Verily, you cannot guide to the right path whom you
love. It is Allah Who guides Whom He wills.” (Muslim)

• ‘Aishah radhiyallahu ‘anha narrates that: Abu Bakr
radhiyallahu ‘anhu came out to see Rasullullah sallallahu
‘alaihi wasallam, who was his friend during the Period of
Ignorance. On seeing him he said: “O Abul Qasim! You are not
seen in the gatherings of your people and they accuse you of
finding faults in their forefathers.” Rasullullah sallallahu
‘alaihi wasallam said: “Verily, I am Allah’s Messenger, I invite
you to Allah.” As soon as Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi
wasallam completed his words Abu Bakr radhiyallahu ‘anhu
embraced Islam. When Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam
returned from him, there was no one between the two mountains of
Makkah who was happier than him on the acceptance of Islam by
Abu Bakr radhiyallahu ‘anhu. Then, Abu Bakr went to ‘Uthman ibn
‘Affan, Talhah ibn ‘Ubaidullah, Zubair ibn ‘Awwam, and Sa’d ibn
Abi Waqqas radhiyallahu ‘anhum. They accepted Islam. Then, the
following day, he brought ‘Uthman ibn Ma’azoon, Abu ‘Ubaidah ibn
Jarrah, ‘Abdur Rahman ibn ‘Auf, Abu Salama ibn ‘Abdul Asad, and
Arqam ibn Abi Arqam and they accepted Islam; radhiyallahu
‘anhum. (Bidayah-wan-Nihayah)

• Asma bint Abu Bakr radhiyallahu ‘anha narrates the story of
the acceptance of Islam by Abu Quhafah. When Rasullullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam entered Makkah (on the day it was
conquered) and came to Masjidul Haram, Abu Bakr radhiyallahu
‘anhu came there holding his father’s hand. When Rasullullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam saw them, he said: “Why did you not
leave this old man at home I would have gone to him myself?” Abu
radhiyallahu ‘anhu replied: “O Rasullallah! It is more of his
right that he comes to you instead of your going to him.”
Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam made him sit in front of
him and stroked his chest and then said: “Accept Islam,” and he
accepted Islam. When Abu Bakr radhiyallahu ‘anhu brought his
father to Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam, his hair was
as white as the Thaghamah tree; so, Rasullullah sallallahu
‘alaihi wasallam said: “Dye his hair.” (Musnad Ahmad, Tabarani,
Majma-‘uz-Zawaid)

• Ibn ‘Abbas radhiyallahu ‘anhuma narrates that when Allah
revealed this verse: “Warn your close relation,” (26:214), Nabi
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam climbed the mount Safa and called
loudly: “O people! The enemy is going to attack by dawn.” So
everyone gathered near him; some came themselves, some sent
their representatives. Then, Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi
wasallam said: “O Banu ‘Abdul Muttalib, O Banu Fihr, O you of
such and such tribe! Tell me if I give you the news that there
is a cavalry behind the mountain ready to charge at you; would
you believe me?” All of them replied: “Yes! He said: “So indeed
I am a warier for you, about a terrible punishment before it
comes.” Abu Lahab reacted: “May you be perished, forever? Did
you call us only for this?” At this, Allah revealed Surah Al
Masad: “Perish the two hands of Abu Lahab, and perish he.”
(Musnad Ahmad, Al-Bidaya wan-Nihaya)

• Munib Al Azdi radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that during my days
of ignorance before achieving (Islam), I saw Rasullullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam, who said: “O people! Say La ilaaha
illallah and be successful. Some of them spat on his face and
someone threw dust at him and some abused him till mid-day. Then
a girl brought a bowl of water with which he washed his face and
hands, and said: “O my little daughter! Do not fear of your
father’s sudden murder, nor disgrace.” I enquired: “Who is this
girl?” People said: “She is Zainab, daugther of Rasullullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam. She was a beautiful girl.”
(Tabarani, Majma-‘uz-Zawaid)

 
Words of Wisdom
Hadith of the Week
Abu Huraira Radhi-Allahu anhu reported: The
Prophet Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam said, “People do not sit in
a gathering without remembering Allah the Exalted or invoking
blessings upon the Prophet but that they will regret the loss of
reward, even if they enter Paradise.” (Musnad Ahmad)
Quote of the Week
 “You must fear Allah alone without
associating partners with Him. Beware of joking for it leads to
ugliness and causes rancor. Sit together for the Quran and
discuss it. If it is too difficult for you, then narrate the
stories of pious men and go forth in the name of Allah.”
(Umar ibn Abdul Aziz)
Saying of the Week
Poverty is in want of much,
avarice of everything. (Russian Saying)
Economic
Indicators
Item/Commodity Value
1 US Dollar R12.59
1 Saudi Riyal R3.32
24 Carat Gold/g R532.89
22 Carat Gold/g R489.42
18 Carat Gold/g R400.34
14 Carat Gold/g R311.67
9 Carat Gold/g R201.66
Silver/g R7.19
Zakaat Nisaab R4401.83
Minimum Mahr R220.09
Mahr Faatimi R11004.57
1 Krugerrand (1oz) R17371.89
All Commodity Values
Exclude VAT (15%)
Updates
Ramadan: Iftaar
Provision
With the aid of Donors, the Jamiatul Ulama
South Africa (JUSA) has been conducting Iftaar feeding
programmes during the month of Ramadan for the past 3 years,
alhamdulillah.

The project entails JUSA along with volunteers going to
disadvantaged areas and preparing Iftaar meals for communities.
Alternatively, communities are given food items and ingredients
with which they prepare meals for themselves.

An average of about 33,000 meals were provided in the past 3
years at 26 venues.

For more information or to be a volunteer, or how one can
contribute, please contact the Welfare Department on:

Tel: 0113738000
Email: welfare@jamiatsa.org

Zakaat Workshops
The Jamiatul Ulama South Africa’s Ifta
Department will once again be conducting Zakaah Workshops in the
coming days.

Today, Thursday, 10th May 2018, a team of Muftis will be at
Almazaahir Institute, Atholl.

On Friday, 11th May 2018, workshops will be held at the
following venues:

Masjid Umar Farooq, Mckenzie park
Masjid Tauheed Rynsoord
Masjid Ansaar, Lakefield
Beyers Park Musalla, Boksburg

ll programmes in the respective mosques will be conducted after
Esha Salaah.

The aim of the workshop is to raise awareness and inform
communities regarding the rules and regulations pertaining to
the obligation of Zakaah.

We encourage those who reside in and around the area to
participate and gain knowledge from these workshops.

Those who wish to arrange a workshop in their area can contact
the Darul Ifta on:

Tel: 011 373 8000
Email: ifta@jamiatsa.org

The Visit of Abdullah
Nana to JUSA
 On Monday, the 7th of May, Mufti
Abdullah Nana (@MuftiAbdullah) along with a delegation of eight
scholars from the United States visited the Jamiatul Ulama Head
office in Fordsburg.

The entourage aimed at gaining a greater understanding of the
work of JUSA; the organisational  structure and
collaboration with other entities.

Mufti Abdullah serves the Muslim community in the USA, as the
Director of Affairs at the Islamic Center of Mill Valley in
California. He is also a teacher, Imam and a specialist in Halal
Foods and Islamic Finance.

After graduating with honours from University of California –
Berkeley, in business and economics, Mufti pursued higher
Islamic studies in South Africa, where he completed the Aalim
Fadhl pprogramme in Islamic Theology.

Mufti has also written and translated several publications in
the fields of Halal and Islamic Finance.

Moonsighting and the

Start of
Ramadan
1439
We would like to appeal to jamaats and
moon-sighting parties to go out and seek the sighting of the
crescent on Wednesday 16th May 2018. This hilaal will mark the
start of the Holy month of Ramadan 1439.

Please follow the link below for moonsighting details for
Johannesburg, Durban and Cape Town.

Moonsighting Details for JHB, DBN and CPT

Meanwhile the Ramadan prayer times for Johannesburg is available
on the link below:

Ramadan Prayer Times for Johannesburg

Useful Links
Jamiatul Ulama South Africa
www.islamsa.org.za
South African National
Halaal Authority
www.sanha.org.za
Jamiah Ulum al Islamiyyah
www.jamiah.co.za
United Ulama Council of South Africa
www.uucsa.org.za
Muslim AIDS
Programme
011 373 8080
 

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