Morality is a set of rules that govern
behaviour between people. Morality describes the principles that
distinguish good from bad, and vice from virtue.
Everyone adheres to a moral doctrine of some kind. Islam has not
left man without a moral compass, like a ship without moorings
at the mercy of winds and tides. Instead it has prescribed the
attainment of the pleasure of Allah as the ultimate objective of
all of man’s endeavours. Moreover, by making the ‘pleasure of
Allah’ the object of man’s life, unlimited possibilities are
opened for man’s moral growth. Morality as it relates to our
behaviour is important on three levels:
• It serves as the bridge that connects us with our Creator
• It ensures justice and harmony between individuals
• It promotes sharing and caring in society.
By setting Divine pleasure as the objective of man’s life, Islam
has set the highest possible standard of morality providing
boundless possibilities for the moral evolution of humanity.
“Good and evil are not equal – Repel (evil) with what is
better…” (61:34) The Qur’an exhorts believers to foil hatred
with love. This is the moral standard set by the Qur’an. The
love and fear of Allah become the real motives, which impel man
to obey the moral law without external pressures. Through belief
in Allah and the Day of Judgment, we are motivated to behave
morally with earnestness and sincerity.
Nabi sallallahu alayhi wasallam has said: “My Cherisher has
ordered me to do nine things: To fear Him in public and in
private; to speak justly both when happy and when angry; to be
moderate in expenditure in times of affluence and poverty; to
foster ties with those who severe them; to give to one who
withholds from me; to forgive one who oppresses me; and that my
silence should be a means of contemplation; my speech (should
the) remembrance of Allah and that I should command people with
doing good.” (Mishkaat)
The nine principles mentioned in this hadith serve as the basis
and benchmark for morality in Islam. They are:
1. To fear Allah in public and in private: To avoid false
pretence in public and indecent behaviour in private.
2. To speak justly in times of happiness and anger: Emotion
should not sway you to unfair rant in times of anger or to
dishonest flattery in times of happiness.
3. To be moderate in expenditure in times of prosperity and
poverty: Prosperity should not drive you to extravagance nor
should poverty make you miserly.
4. To foster ties with those who severe them: Do not be a
reactionary being that simply treats people as they treat him.
5. To give to those who hold back: Give not because they deserve
but because you need to receive the Mercy of Allah.
6. To forgive those that wrong you: To forgive is the highest
and most beautiful form of giving… not of your possessions but
7. Spend moments of silence in reflection: Reflection is the
tongue of the heart and the soul of the spirit.
8. Speak with the remembrance of Allah: Nothing can soften the
hardness of the heart like the remembrance of Allah.
9. Command people to do good: Motivation creates confidence and
confidence inspires change.
We can only infuse these nine teachings into our lives if we
have sincerity of purpose. Our relationship with people should
not be based on their relationship with us but on our
relationship with Allah. The power of intention helps us to rise
above a secular relationship…a tit-for-tat relationship where
you do good only if others do the same.
Nabi sallallahu alayhi wasallam said: “Do not be a people
without a will of your own saying: If others treat us well we
will also treat them well and if they do wrong we will (also) do
wrong; but accustom yourselves to do good when people are good
to you and do not do wrong if they do harm (to you).” (Tirmidhi)
Sermon of the Week
Workers are our Brothers and Sisters
2018 WORKERS’ DAY MESSAGE
The following message has been prepared by the Jamiatul Ulama
South Africa as a
National Common Bayaan, to be delivered in mosques, on Friday 27
April 2018. It focuses on the rights of workers and
responsibilities of employers to mark the Workers’ Day which
falls on 1st day of May, every year. This message is
complementary to our equally important Islamic teachings of the
duties and responsibilities of workers towards their employers.
The Noble Quran states:
“Do they distribute the mercy of your Lord? It is We who have
assigned to them their livelihood in the life of this world and
have raised some of them above others in ranks so that some of
them may take others in service. But the mercy of your Lord is
better than whatever they accumulate.” [43:32]
Allah I has determined the livelihood of people; some He made
rich and others He kept poor. This difference is part of a
divinely ordained system that makes people dependent on each
other. The poor are dependent on the rich for their bread,
whilst the rich are dependent on the poor for their services.
The rich and the poor coexist to fulfil the needs of each other;
it is this interdependence that should create harmony and peace
Peace and harmony however can only be achieved if we understand
the correct relationship between an employer and employee. It is
not simply a mechanical process where one person does the work
and the other pays for work done. The relationship between
employer and employee has to go beyond the exchange of work for
money. It is a relationship based on justice, compassion and
dignity. Nabi established the bond of brotherhood between
employer and employee by stating that: “Your employees are your
brothers whom Allah has placed in your care, if a Muslim has
another person under his care he should feed him with the like
of what he eats and clothe them with the like of what he wears
and you should not overburden them with what they cannot bear
and if you do so, help them in their jobs.” (Bukhari & Muslim)
Workers are our brothers and sisters. They are our helpers. We
need them; we depend on them for the many things that we cannot
do for ourselves. A relationship of brotherhood and not the
master-servant relationship will create a healthy working
environment based on respect, honesty and justice. Employees
treated with respect and dignity will generally work harder and
with greater diligence and honesty. The opposite is also true: a
dissatisfied employee will do the bare minimum and with very
A crucial aspect of this relationship is the payment of a salary
that is fair and just. Nabi has warned us in a Hadith Qudsi in
which Allah said: “I will be an opponent to three types of
people on the Day of Resurrection: one who makes a covenant in
My name but proves dishonest; one who sells a free person and
consumes his price; and one who employs a worker and takes full
work from him but does not pay him for his labour.” (Bukhari)
Are we paying fair wages to those who work for us? Are the hours
of work reasonable? Is the work load acceptable? Do we pay
salaries on time? Nabi has said: “You should pay the labourer
his wages before his sweat dries.” (Sunan Ibn Mâjah) This hadith
is quite clear; workers are to be paid on time as according to
their contractual agreement. Ali is reported to have said:
“Allah has made it obligatory on the rich to meet the economic
needs of the poor up to the extent of their absolute
necessities. If they are hungry or naked or involved in other
financial difficulties, it will be merely because the rich are
not doing their duty." (Muhalla)
As we speak, there are pieces of legislation being considered in
the national assembly to establish a minimum wage as a way of
addressing income inequality and poverty. It is important that
employers familiarise themselves with such new regulations which
shall have to be complied with as law.
A motivated and satisfied employee translates into better
productivity and efficiency. Some of the ways of creating
employee satisfaction is:
• To share in their joys and sorrows
• To show you care about their personal lives
• To acknowledge and appreciate their efforts
• To greet and smile
Another important aspect is the manner in which we address our
employees. We can develop their self -worth and confidence or
destroy their self- esteem and self-respect by the way we
address them. It is improper to address them as ‘Boy’ or ‘Girl’
or any other belittling term. It is even more offensive when the
‘Boy’ or ‘Girl’ is as old as old as our mother or father.
Racism also plays a major role in the ill-treatment of workers.
Racists believe that it is acceptable to treat others badly
based on their assumed racial superiority. In his final sermon
the Prophet Muhammad said: "There is no superiority for an
Arab over a non-Arab, nor for a non-Arab over an Arab. Neither
is the white superior over the black, nor is the black superior
over the white — except by piety." Can we say that we display
Islamic values in the treatment of those who work for us? Do we
regard them as equals, who very much have feelings and dreams
like we do?
Abdullah ibn Umar reported: “A man came to the Prophet and
he said, “O Messenger of Allah, how many times should I pardon
my servant?” The Prophet said, “Seventy times in each day.”
The ability to pardon, forgive and tolerate the short comings of
our employees is very much part of our values. Nabi has said:
“One of the actions that will be beneficial in your life after
death is your good behaviour with people working under you.”
The 1st of May is commemorated as Workers’ Day internationally.
Let us use this occasion to improve and better our relationship
with our employees.
May Allah grant us the ability to live the teachings of our
Master in all aspects of our lives. Aameen.
Words of Wisdom
Hadith of the Week
Abdur-Rahman bin ‘Abdullãh bin Mas’ud
narrated that his father (Radhi-Allahu anhu) said: "The
Messenger of Allah cursed the one who consumes Riba, the one who
pays it, the one who witnesses it and the one who records it."
Quote of the Week
This being human is a guest house. Every
morning is a new arrival. A joy, a depression, a meanness, some
momentary awareness comes as an unexpected visitor…Welcome and
entertain them all. Treat each guest honorably. The dark
thought, the shame, the malice, meet them at the door laughing,
and invite them in. Be grateful for whoever comes, because each
has been sent as a guide from beyond."
Saying of the Week
To defend a wrong, is to wrong
Question and Answer
If two people strongly intend getting married and have been
together for some years, but break off the relationship before
they happen to make Nikah, should the male in this case issue
Talaaq (divorce)? I once read that Talaaq is applicable in such
a case, is this true? Please clarify this matter for me.
An intention by a boy and girl to marry does not constitute a
Nikah. Therefore, if there is no Nikah then there is no need for
a Talaaq. The parties must however understand that they have
transgressed the laws of Allah Ta’aala and sinned by courting
each other and should therefore sincerely repent and ask
forgiveness from Allah Ta’aala.
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Mufti Afzal Hoosen
The Jamiatul Ulama South Africa has learnt
with sadness of the news of the passing of Mufti Afzal Hoosen
Elias. May the mercy of the Almighty be upon his soul. Aameen.
Mufti Afzal worked for many years in the Service of the
Almighty, notably through publishing, broadcasting as well as
teaching. At the time of his passing, he was the deputy Amir of
the Jamiatul Ulama KZN.
The ulama fraternity in particular, and the Muslim community of
South Africa, are at a loss as indeed, the passing of a scholar,
is the lifting away of knowledge.
May the Almighty forgive the deceased shortcomings, and grant
him Jannatul Firdaus.
We extend our heartfelt condolences to Mufti Afzal’s family, the
Jamiatul Ulama KZN and all those who had known the deceased over
the years, across the country.
May the Almighty grant patience to all in bearing a sense of
loss at Mufti’s passing. Aameen.
E.I. Bham (Moulana)
Jamiatul Ulama South Africa
8th Sha’bân 1439/ 25 Apr 2018
With the aid of Donors, the Jamiatul Ulama
South Africa (JUSA) has been conducting Iftaar feeding
programmes during the month of Ramadan for the past 3 years,
The project entails JUSA along with volunteers going to
disadvantaged areas and preparing Iftaar meals for communities.
Alternatively, communities are given food items and ingredients
with which they prepare meals for themselves.
An average of about 33,000 meals were provided in the past 3
years at 26 venues.
For more information or to be a volunteer, or how one can
contribute, please contact the Welfare Department on:
AGM Notice: Islamic
The Islamic Careline will on Wednesday, the
9th of May 2018 hold their Annual General Meeting (AGM).
The venue for this year’s AGM will be at the Islamic Careline
premises at 32 Dolly Rathebe Road, Fordsburg, from 10:30 to
The Islamic Careline is a counselling service associated with
the Jamiatul Ulama
Kindly RSVP to: