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Vol. 12 No. 37 22 Dhu al Hijjah 1438/
13 September 2017
Comment and Analysis
Protesting against ‘Textbook
Example of Ethnic Cleansing’
On Monday, UN human rights chief Zeid Raad
al-Hussein, described the brutal persecution of the Rohingya of
Burma as "a textbook example of ethnic cleansing".

The title of ‘the most persecuted people in the world’, also
from the United Nations, is an acknowledgment of the gross
injustice that has become the reality of Rohingya Muslims.

Myanmar’s Muslim minority of Rakhine have not only been
disenfranchised but also attacked for decades with impunity, and
forced to flee from their homes. In episodes of flare ups in
sustained violent campaigns at the hands of the army and
vigilante militia groups, supported by nationalist monks,
political leaders and powerful members of the military, the
Rohingya have been abused and marginalised for over 40 years.

In 2015, a team of legal analysts at the Allard K. Lowenstein
International Human rights Clinic of the Yale Law School, had
looked into the question of whether genocide was taking place in
Myanmar’s Rakhine state.

The authors of the report entitled ‘Persecution of the Rohingya
Muslims’ looked at aspects such as denial of citizenship; forced
displacement; forced labour; religious persecution; marriage
restrictions and population control, in the period from
independence up to the year 2011.

The coverage of the legal analysis report over the period of
Thein Sein’s administration also examined the denial of freedom
of movement and the wide scale use of sexual violence against
the Rohingya women, routinely held as sex slaves in military
camps.

The conclusion of this legal analysis could neither be
inconclusive nor surprising. The systematic persecution of the
Rohingya, rendered stateless by a denial of citizenship by the
military junta in Yangon is well-known and stark. Hence, the
authors of the report easily found ‘strong evidence’ of a
genocide to be underway in Rakhine state.

Notable world leaders and international human rights groups such
as the Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International, are among
those that have condemned the atrocious Myanmar regime and her
poor record of human rights, that is no less than ethnic
cleansing and genocidal.

The latest crackdown against the Muslim minority is reported to
have been triggered by the 25 August attack by a Rohingya
insurgent group on more than twenty security sites that killed
12 people.

However the context of this most recent drive to push the
Rohingya out of Myanmar towards resource-challenged and populous
Bangladesh is as opportunistic as it is consistent with the
decades-long policies of the government in Yangon.

The response to the attacks, or ‘clearance operations’ as the
government forces have termed the onslaught, has been massive
and indiscriminate, pushing well over 310,000 Rohingya-Muslims
across the border into uncertain future, starvation and
wholesale indignity. Tens of thousands more are internally
displaced.

The laying of land-mines along the Myanmar-Bangladeshi border,
at the crossings used by refugees is more evidence that the
Myanmar government is determined to make the ‘clearance’ of a
people, the Rohingya Muslims, permanent.

The mined fields have caused fatal and horrific injuries on
victims who have lost limbs, opening yet another grim chapter of
the deepening suffering of the Rohingya.

While it is necessary to acknowledge the existence of the
Rohingya, it is not a sufficient condition that would ease their
plight. It is for this reason that we will be joining those
expressing solidarity with the downtrodden Rohingya, human and
civil rights activists, religious leaders and political
campaigners this Friday, 15th September 2017, in Pretoria, where
we will protest and petition the Myanmar government, through
their diplomatic mission, to end their primitive demographic
policies and yield to genuine and inclusive democratic change.

The Rohingya are a people without rights. For generations, they
have known only restrictions. The Myanmar regime should begin to
dismantle all laws that have become instruments of ethnic
cleansing.

The consensus of legal experts, human rights groups and world
leaders should not be only an artefact for historical record. We
therefore call upon world leaders to stop watching over a
genocide and pressure Yangon to end her crimes against humanity
and bring all perpetrators to book.

We should not allow persecutors to appropriate the language of
self-defence or victimhood in order to justify their nefarious
reign of terror over women, children and the aged just because
they are ethnically or religiously different.

Ebrahim I Bham (Moulana)
Secretary General
Jamiatul Ulama South Africa

Question and Answer

Question:

Can something like a verbal contract be binding?

Was salaam.

Answer:


It is important to bear in mind that there is a difference
between a promise and a verbal contract. Fulfilment of a promise
is morally binding. However, the one who takes a promise cannot
be held accountable in a court of law.

In contrast to the above, fulfilment of a verbal contract is
binding upon an individual and he can be held liable for
contravention in a court of law.

Reference: Kitaabul Furooq, Qaraafi, Clause 2594, Vol 4, Pg 1141
(Darus Salaam).

Sermon of the Week
Excellence of
the Qur’an (V of V)

• ‘Abdullah ibn Mas‘ud radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that he heard
Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam saying: “One who recites
Surah Al-Waqi‘ah every night will never be afflicted by
poverty.” (Baihaqi)

• Jabir radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that Nabi sallallahu ‘alaihi
wasallam would not go to sleep until he recited Surah Alif Laam
Meem Sajdah (Surah 32) and Surah Tabarakalladhi biyadihil mulk
(Surah 67).” (Tirmidhi)

• Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that Nabi sallallahu
‘alaihi wasallam said: “Indeed, there is a Surah in the Qur’an
having thirty verses, which intercedes for its reciter until he
is forgiven. That Surah is Tabarakalladhi biyadihil mulk (Surah
67).” (Tirmidhi)

• Ibn ‘Abbaas radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that someone amongst
the companions of Nabi sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam set up his
tent over a grave without realizing that it was a grave.
Suddenly he heard the person of the grave reciting Surah Mulk,
up to the end of the Surah. He came to Nabi sallallahu ‘alaihi
wasallam and said: “O Rasullallah! I set up my tent unknowingly
over a grave, and suddenly I heard someone reciting Surah Mulk
up to its end.” Nabi sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: “It is
the defender; it is the protector which safeguards him from the
punishment in the grave.” (Tirmidhi)

• Ibn Mas‘ud radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates: “The torment starts
from the side of the feet of a dead man in the grave. The feet
say: “There is no way for you to come through us for he used to
recite Surah Mulk (Surah 67).” Then the torment advances towards
him from his chest or the stomach. It says: “There is no way for
you to come through me, for he used to recite Surah Mulk.” Then
the torment advances from towards his head. The head says:
“There is no way for you to come through me, as he used to
recite Surah Mulk.” (‘Abdullah ibn Mas‘ud radhiyallahu ‘anhu
says): “This Surah prevents the torments of the grave. It was
also called Surah Mulk in the Taurat (Torah). Whoever recites it
at night is indeed blessed with a tremendous reward.” (Mustadrak
Hakim)

• ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that
Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: “If anyone would
like to see the Day of Resurrection as if it was before his
eyes, he should recite the Surah Ithash shamsu kuwwirat (Takwir:
81); Surah Ithas samaa-un fatarat (lnfitar: 82) and Surah Ithas
samaaun shaqqat (Inshiqaq: 84).” (Tirmidhi)

• Nawfal radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that Nabi sallallahu
‘alaihi wasallam advised: “Recite Surah Qul ya ayyuhal kafiroon
(Kafiroon: 109) then go to sleep after reciting it, as it is an
immunity from polytheism.” (Abu Dawud)

• Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu ‘anhu narrates that I came along
with Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam and heard a person
reciting: Qul huwal lahu ahad (Ikhlas: 112). So Rasullullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: “It is incumbent.” I asked
him: “What, Rasullullah?” He said: “Paradise.” Abu Hurairah
radhiyallahu ‘anhu says: “I intended to go to that person and
give him this glad tidings, but I feared lest I may miss my
lunch with Rasullullah S sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam, so I
preferred to have lunch. Then I went to the person, but found
that he had already left.” (Muwatta Imam Malik)

• Abu Dardaa’ radhiyallahu ‘anh narrates that Nabi sallallahu
‘alaihi wasallam said: “Is anyone of you unable to recite
one-third of the Qur’an in a night?” It was asked how can one
recite one-third of the Qur’an. Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi
wasallam replied: “Recite: Qul huwal lahu ahad (Ikhlas: 112), it
is equal to one-third of the Qur’an!” (Muslim)

• Mu‘aadh ibn Anas Al-Juhani radhiyallahu ‘anhu, a companion of
Nabi sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam, narrates that Nabi sallallahu
‘alaihi wasallam said: “The one who recites Qul huwal lahu ahad
(Ikhlas: 112) till he completes it ten times, a palace will be
built for him in Paradise. ‘Umar radhiyallahu ‘anhu said: “O
Rasulallah, then I will recite it abundantly.” Rasullullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: “Allah is more Generous and
more Kind.” (Musnad Ahmad)

• ‘A’ishah radhiyallahu ‘anha said Rasullullah sallallahu
‘alaihi wasallam sent a man in-charge of an expedition and while
leading the Salah with his companions, he would recite in the
end Qul huwal lahu ahad (apart from any Surah that he had
recited). When they returned, they mentioned this to Rasullullah
sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam. Nabi sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam
said: “Ask him why he did that?” He replied: “Because in it is a
description of Ar-Rahman (the Compassionate), and I love to
recite it.” At this Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam
said: “Tell him that Allah loves him too.” (Bukhari)

• ‘A’ishah radhiyallahu ‘anha narrated that every night when
Rasullullah sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam went to his bed, he
joined his palms blowing into them reciting Qul huwal lahu ahad
(Ikhlas: 112), and Qul A‘udhu birabbil falaq (Falaq: 113) and
Qul A‘udhu birabbin naas (Naas: 114). Then he would pass his
hands over as much of his body as he could, beginning with his
head, his face, and then the front of his body, repeating this
three times.” (Abu Dawud)

 
Words of Wisdom
Hadith of the Week
Abdullah ibn Amr Radhi-Allahu anhu reported:
A man asked the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam,
“Which Islam is best?” The Prophet SAW said, “To feed the hungry
and to greet with peace those you know and those you do not
know.”

(Sahih Bukhari)

Quote of the Week
The first step to self-knowledge is to know
that thou art composed of an outward shape, called the body, and
an inward entity called the heart, or soul. By "heart" I do not
mean the piece of flesh situated in the left of our bodies, but
that which uses all the other faculties as its instruments and
servants. In truth it does not belong to the visible world, but
to the invisible, and has come into this world as a traveller
visits a foreign country for the sake of merchandise, and will
presently return to its native land. It is the knowledge of this
entity and its attributes which is the key to the knowledge of
God.

(Imam Ghazali RA)
Saying of the Week
Where there is gossip, there
will be arguing.

(Filipino Saying)

Economic
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14 Carat Gold/g R325.55
9 Carat Gold/g R210.68
Silver/g R8.03
Zakaat Nisaab R4917.86
Minimum Mahr R245.89
Mahr Faatimi R12294.66
1 Krugerrand (1oz) R18148.93
All Commodity Values
Exclude VAT (14%)
Updates
Annual General Meeting
The Jamiatul Ulama South Africa will hold
their Annual General Meeting (AGM) at
the Nurul Islam Hall in Lenasia on Sunday 17 September 2017.

At the AGM, the ulama body reviews work of the year that has
gone by,
approve financial reports as well as discuss other pertinent
issues affecting the Ulama body and the community it serves.

Annually, the AGM attracts at least 300 participating members
from the region apart from guests from across the country.

The Islamic Careline’s
Parenting in Practice Series
The Islamic Careline will on Saturday 16
September 2017, between 9:00am and 12:30pm, conduct a workshop
on Understanding Your Child’s Misbehaviour.

The presenter of the workshop, Erika Hitge, is an experienced
psychologist who specialises in play therapy and work with
children.

The venue of the workshop is the Nana Memorial Hall, along Foyle
Ave in Crosby. There will be a participation fee of R50.00 per
person.
 
Prior registration is required for all prospective participants.
For reservations and enquiries, kindly contact the Islamic
Careline on 011 373 8080 or 078 727 1334.

 #SA4Rohingya:
Emergency Humanitarian Aid Appeal
They are called "… the most
oppressed ethnic minority in the world…"
The
Rohingya Muslims of Burma ar on the run. Again.

More than 100,000 have been internally displaced.  Over 40
of their villages have been torched and homes razed to the
ground. In excess of 320,000 people have fled to neighbouring
Bangladesh.

We are providing relief to our downtrodden and vulnerable
brethren. Contribute Zakaah and/or Lillah Applicable

Name: Jamiatul Ulama South Africa Relief Acc
Bank: Nedbank – Fordsburg
Branch Code: 195 305
Account Number: 1953 285937
Reference: Rohingya

Kindly supply your name and details of funds, whether zakaat
and/or lillah by fax (011 373 8022) or email
(jamiat@islamsa.org.za) together with the deposit slip/EFT details of transfer of funds to our
offices for record purposes.

Useful Links
Jamiatul Ulama South Africa
www.islamsa.org.za
South African National
Halaal Authority
www.sanha.org.za
Jamiah Ulum al Islamiyyah
www.jamiah.co.za
United Ulama Council of South Africa
www.uucsa.org.za
Muslim AIDS
Programme
011 373 8080
 

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