Jamiatul Ulama South Africa Online Newsletter

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Vol. 11 No. 27 29 Ramadan 1437/05 Jul 2016
Comment and Analysis
Eid: The Day we Celebrate our
Civilisation
The day of Eid marks the end of the
month-long intense worship. It brings with it a sense of triumph
and accomplishment for those who have diligently exerted
themselves. Revived and rejuvenated by the spiritual experience
of Ramadân, Muslims celebrate this Day with a sense of joy and
hope. This Day has a very profound significance for those who
have spent their time properly. It brings with it the hope of
our forgiveness, the promise of liberation from the fire of
Hell, and the fervent expectancy of having earned the pleasure
of our Creator!

Muslims proudly celebrate this Day as the accomplishment of
their moral development, character refinement, civilization and
human integrity. Too often we confuse material progress with
human civilization and decency. What is meant by civilized
societies? Does this refer to societies that are based only on a
materialistic industrial culture?

The great strides that man makes in science and technology helps
man to better his living standard, but it does not elevate his
soul. Science has nothing to do with morals; it is mainly
concerned with materialistic and mechanical aspects. Natural and
mathematical sciences play a great role in disclosing secrets of
the universe, but absolutely no role in developing human
character and morals. There is no correlation between material
progress and human decency. The crime and grime, the political
guile, and social disintegration evident globally have
correspondingly increased with the strides we have made in
science and technology. It is obvious that materialistic
progress does not necessarily entail moral reform; a society may
witness great advance in natural sciences, even though it may be
morally bankrupt!

True civilization mirrors the development of human worth and
integrity; it focuses on refining the moral fiber of humans. It
fosters qualities like persistence, forbearance, tolerance, and
patience. It makes humans out of man.

Ramadân aims to purify the souls of man; it aims to elevate man
above the rank of brute animals. Ramadân is an exercise in
developing human potential, an exercise in cultivating
character, determination, resolve willpower and self control.
Fasting, tarawih, and suhûr are meant to infuse compassion,
equality, unity, and humility. After thirty days of intense
focus on the purification of the heart and mind and on the
restoration of faith and moral values, we celebrate our
civilisation and moral refinement. We celebrate the victory of
determination over feebleness, the victory of will over passion!
We celebrate this victory by echoing “Allah is the Greatest” as
we walk with great optimism and faith to the Eid Salâh, which
serves as the demonstration of our unity and brotherhood. We
give expression to the lesson of compassion by discharging the
Sadaqatul Fitr.

Our challenge is to translate this victory and civilization into
our daily lives well beyond Ramadân.

“And be not like a woman who breaks into untwisted strands yarn
which she has spun, after it has become strong.” (16:92)

The Qur’an gives us an example of a woman who painfully spun her
thread with skill and toil, strand by strand, stitch by
stitch…weaving together yarn with intricate precision only to
eventually unstitch and break it into untwisted strands. She
undid all her efforts, all her toil, and lost all that she
achieved.

Likewise let us not undo all our efforts … all our labour… all
our achievements by following the promptings of Shaytân and by
turning our backs on the lessons of Ramadân. Sufyan Ibn
‘Abdullah, may Allah be pleased with him, said:

“O Messenger of Allah, tell me something about Islam, after
which I do need to ask anyone else (for more advice)” He said:
“Say: ‘I believe in Allah’ and then be steadfast (upon the
requirements of your faith).” (Muslim)

Steadfastness after Ramadan is an indication that our ibadah in
the month of Ramadân has been accepted Are we now going to
forsake the masaajid, and hurry back to clubs, are we going to
succumb to the enslaving dictates our desires and meekly lose
control of ourselves?

Ramadân gave us the opportunity to learn attributes of a
civilized people; Ramadân was an embodiment of all virtue and
the epitome of all goodness. Don’t let your share of this
goodness begin and end with Ramadan.

May Allah accept our ibadah and may He grant us the ability to
remain steadfast.

Sermon of the Week
Rasulullah
salallahu alayhi wasalam and Ramadan (IV of IV)
Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasalam & the Night of Power

“Verily, we have sent it (this Qur’an) down on the night of
Al-Qadr (Power).
And what will make you know what the night of Al-Qadr (Power)
is?
The night of Al-Qadr (Power) is better than a thousand months
(i.e. worshipping Allah in that night is better than worshipping
Him for a thousand months).
Therein descend the angels and Jibraeel by Allah’s Permission
with all decrees,
Peace! Until the appearance of dawn.”
(Surah Al-Qadr 97)

• Laylatul Qadr (the Night of Power) is a gift of Allah unto
this Ummah. It is an opportunity which the Ummah should seize to
obtain closeness to the Almighty through worship and seeking
forgiveness from Him.

• As in every other aspect of our Deen, Rasulullah salallahu
alayhi wasalam was a practical demonstration of how every Ummati
(follower) should conduct themselves:
1. His salallahu alayhi wasalam exhortation to search for this
night:
It is reported in a hadith, ‘Search for it (Laylatul Qadr) among
the odd nights of the last ten days of Ramadan.’ (Bukhari)
Although scholars have differed greatly in stipulating exactly
which of the odd night of the last ten days upon which the Night
of Power occurs, the preferred view is that it is unknown to
anyone besides Allah. The wisdom for it been kept a secret is in
fact a mercy from Allah, so that we could increase in our
worship and effort to search for the correct night. Ubadah bin
Samit radhiyallahi anhu said, ‘Once Rasulullah salallahu alayhi
wasalam came out to inform us of the exact date of Laylatul
Qadr. Unfortunately, a quarrel took place between two Muslims
whereupon he said, ‘I came out to inform you as to when Laylatul
Qadr occurs but because two people argued with each other, the
knowledge of the correct date was taken away – perhaps that is
better for you. So seek it among the ninth, seventh, and fifth
nights.’ Those that are continuously argue and fight should
ponder at the harm being caused not only to the individual but
rather the broader Muslim Ummah.

2. His salallahu alayhi wasalam encouragement towards
good deeds:
Abu Hurairah radhiyallahi anhu narrates that Rasulullah
salallahu alayhi wasalam said, ‘Whosoever stands in the worship
of Allah on the night of Qadr with firm belief in Allah and a
genuine hope of receiving reward, his past and future sins will
be forgiven, and whosoever fasts during the month of Ramadan
with firm belief in Allah and a genuine hope of receiving
reward, his past and future sins will be forgiven.’ (Bukhari)

3. His salallahu alayhi wasalam performance of I’tikaaf:
Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasalam said in a hadith,
‘I secluded myself in I’tikaaf during the first ten days of
Ramadan searching for Laylatul Qadr. Then, I continued into
I’tikaaf for the next ten days. Thereafter, I was informed that
it is in the last ten days; so whosoever desires to perform
I’tikaaf he should do so. So many people made It’ikaaf with him.
(Muslim)

4. His salallahu alayhi wasalam humbleness in worship:
It is surely a symbol of one whose heart has softened
in awe of his Creator, has realized the reality of servitude to
Allah and has acknowledged his own limitations to be most humble
before Allah. Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasalam was a
personification of this. Abu Saeed Khudri radhiyallahi anhu
narrates that once it rained on the evening of the twenty first
of Ramadan and the masjid of Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasalam
leaked. My eyes fell upon the messenger of Allah salallahu
alayhi wasalam the next morning and his blessed face was soiled
with mud and water.’ (Bukhari)

5. His salallahu alayhi wasalam teachings regarding the
Night
Aisha radhiyallahi anha narrated that she asked
Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasalam, ‘If I happen to find the
night of power, what should I say in du’a?’ He replied,
‘Recite:[Allahumma innaka ‘afuwwun tuhibbul ‘afwa fa’fu ‘anni]
Translation: O Allah! You are the Most Forgiving, the Most
Generous, You love to forgive, so please forgive me.’ (Muslim)
This is an all inclusive du’a begging Allah for His infinite
grace and mercy. As Allah mentions in the Qur’an, this night
brings along with it a group of angels who descend along with
Jibraeel alayhis salaam. They visit every home, dwelling or
shelter wherein a Muslim is worshiping Allah, greet them and
join in by saying Ameen to his du’a.

6. His salallahu alayhi wasalam mention regarding the
signs of this night
In a narration cited in Baihaqi and Muwatta, Rasulullah
salallahu alayhi wasalam while describing the meirts of this
night said, ‘Among the signs of this night is that it is a
serene, quiet, shinning night; neither too hot nor too cold but
moderate. It is as if though the moon is shinning clear and no
stars are flung at the devils on this night. It lasts until the
break of dawn. Another sign is that in the morning, the sun
rises without any radiant beams, appearing rather like moon in
its fullness. On that day, Allah prohibits the Shayateen
(devils) from rising up with the sun.’

 
Words of Wisdom
Hadith of the Week
On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah
be pleased with him), who said that the Messenger of Allah
(PBUH) said that Allah the Almighty said:

There are three (1) whose adversary I shall be on the Day of
Resurrection: a man who has given his word by Me and has broken
it; a man who has sold a free man (2) and has consumed the
price; and a man who has hired a workman, has exacted his due in
full from him and has not given him his wage.

(1) i.e. types of men.

(2) i.e. a man who has made a slave of another and has sold him.

It was related by al-Bukhari (also by Ibn Majah and
Ahmad ibn Hanbal).

Quote of the Week
“Prayer is that which enables the soul to
realize its divinity. Through prayer human beings worship
absolute truth, and seek an eternal reward. Prayer is the
foundation-stone of religion; and religion is the means by which
the soul is purified of all that pollutes it. Prayer is the
worship of the first cause of all things, the supreme ruler of
all the world, the source of all strength. Prayer is the
adoration of the one whose being is necessary.”

Ibn Sina [excerpt from Kitab al-Najat]

Saying of the Week
You can outdistance that which
is running after you, but you cannot outdistance that which is
running inside you.

(African Proverb)

Economic
Indicators
Item/Commodity Value
1 US Dollar R14.55
1 Saudi Riyal R3.93
24 Carat Gold/g R633.01
22 Carat Gold/g R580.68
18 Carat Gold/g R474.73
14 Carat Gold/g R369.37
9 Carat Gold/g R238.85
Silver/g R10.29
Zakaat Nisaab R6300.57
Minimum Mahr R315.03
Mahr Faatimi R15751.43
1 Krugerrand (1oz) R20641.76
All Commodity Values
Exclude VAT (14%)
Question and Answer

Question:

Is it permissible to trade on the day of Eidul Fitr?

Was salaam.

Answer:


It is permissible to work or trade on the day of Eidul Fitr. The
rule of trading during Jumu‘ah time does not apply to Eidul
Fitr. However, in keeping with maintaining an Islamic identity,
if one is in the capacity of an employer and able to not engage
in trade for the day, then that would be encouraged. After all,
it is a day of rejoicing by spending time with one’s family.


NOTE: You can visit our facebook page:

www.facebook.com/zajamiat
for more
#RamadanReminders, a series of rulings pertaining to Ramadan and
related matters.

Updates
Haj & Umrah Seminar
The Jamiatul Ulama South Africa’d Dawah wal
Irshaad Department will hold its annual Haj and Umrah seminar
for on Sunday 24
July 2016.

The seminar is scheduled to start at 09:00 and end with Dhuhr.
The venue is Nurul Islam Hall, Lenasia Ext. 5.

Topics covered shall include:

Virtues and Benefits of Haj
Etiquette of Visiting the Haramain
Method of Umrah
Medical Aspects of Haj
Five Days of Haj and a Virtual Tour
Visit to Madinah

There will be a questions and answer session at the end of the
presentations delivered using slides.

Refreshments will be served and separate accommodation for
ladies has been arranged.

Challenges Facing the
Youth
The Jamiatul Ulama South Africa’d Dawah wal
Irshaad Department in conjunction Radio Islam International will
host a lecture programme on the theme: Challenges Facing the
Youth.

The programme will be held at Quwwatul Islam Masjid on Friday 29
July 2016 starting after Esha prayers.

Qiraat, Qasida Burdah and Nazam will be on the programme before
the lectures by Moulana Dr Suliman Ebrahim and Moulana Abdullah
Badat.

Refreshments will be served, in-sha-Allah.

Useful Links
Jamiatul Ulama South Africa
www.islamsa.org.za
South African National
Halaal Authority
www.sanha.org.za
Jamiah Ulum al Islamiyyah
www.jamiah.co.za
United Ulama Council of South Africa
www.uucsa.org.za
Rescue 786 Ambulance
Service Hotline
083 9000 786
 

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